Firefighters in England are to strike for four days from October 31 over a dispute with the Government concerning pensions, the Fire Brigades Union has announced.
Asked by ITV News Europe Editor James Mates if Britain would pay the suprise £1.7bn EU surcharge now or later, David Cameron said it was "not happening".
"I want to see proper meetings take place, emergency talks to happen," he said.
"Two billion euros - that is bigger than a lot of countries' gross contributions.
"It is not not an acceptable way to run this organisation."
A visibly angered David Cameron told a press conference today that he simply would not pay the surprise £1.7bn surcharge handed to Britain by the EU.
"It is not acceptable. It is an appalling way to behave," he said.
"I am not paying that bill on December 1st and if people think I'm going to they've got another thing coming. It is not going to happen."
The EU surcharge - which would add almost a fifth to the UK's annual contribution of £8.6 billion - is intended to reflect Britain's better-than-expected economic performance relative to other EU states.
It results from an EU recalculation of national incomes dating back to 1995 and taking into account recent changes in the rules to include economic activities such as prostitution and illegal drugs.
It is understood that British officials did not learn about the demand until last week.
George Osborne has dismissed the suggestion that there is no "feel good factor" in the UK because living standards have stagnated since the Government took office.
"I simple don't accept that," the Chancellor told ITV News Economic Editor Richard Edgar.
He added that today's growth in GDP means "more economic security, it means more jobs, it means a brighter future".
A Liberal Democrat spokesman said:
The Liberal Democrats do not think it is acceptable to change the fees at the drop of a hat and demand Britain cough up £1.7 billion. We will work with other parties and countries that have just been landed with similar bills to challenge this.
Chancellor George Osborne says the UK is at a "critical moment", with the economy facing the dual threat of a slowing eurozone and instability in global markets.
He claimed failing to follow through with the Government's economic policies would see a return to the "chaos and instability of the past".
Shadow Chancellor Ed Balls says today's GDP figures show a "concerning slowdown" in the economy.
He also claimed several areas of the economy were performing poorly.
“For all George Osborne's claims that the economy is fixed most people are still not feeling the recovery. Working people are over £1600 a year worse off since 2010 and these figures now show a concerning slowdown in economic growth too.
“Under this government house building is it at its lowest level since the 1920s, business investment is lagging behind our competitors and exports are way off target," Mr Balls added.
Ukip leader Nigel Farage said:
David Cameron once claimed that he had reduced the EU budget - but the UK contribution went up - and now, quite incredibly, our contribution goes up a second time. It's just outrageous.
The EU is like a thirsty vampire feasting on UK taxpayers' blood. We need to protect the innocent victims, who are us.
Mr Farage told the Press Association that Mr Cameron is in "real political trouble".
Yes, it's outrageous, but that's how the European Union works.
He's in a very weak position. He can do nothing about this.
And I think, really, he's now being pushed into a position where, unless he brings forward his referendum promise, I think he's in real political trouble.