Dr Paul Cosford, acting Chief Executive of Health Protection Agency, has told Daybreak that the UK must develop new antibiotics.
He said: "When a bug becomes resistent to an antibiotic, we need to use new antibiotics and there aren't that many antibiotics in the pipeline."
Daybreak's Health Editor, Dr Hilary Jones, has told viewers that the World Health Organisation have said for some years that antibiotics resistance is "amongst the top three threats to man kind in the near future."
Antibiotics are losing their effectiveness at a rate that is both alarming and irreversible, similar to global warming, experts have warned. Daybreak's Nick Dixon reports:
– The Department of Health's Chief Medical Officer, Professor Dame Sally Davies
Antibiotics are losing their effectiveness at a rate that is both alarming and irreversible - similar to global warming.
I urge patients and prescribers to think about the drugs they are requesting and dispensing.
Bacteria are adapting and finding ways to survive the effects of antibiotics, ultimately becoming resistant so they no longer work.
And the more you use an antibiotic, the more bacteria become resistant to it.
Antibiotic resistance is a complex global public health issue, the Department Of Health have warned.
Mis-use of antibiotics is causing bacteria to become resistant - the Department Of Health have said.
Some antibiotics aren’t as effective as they used to be because the bacteria they are designed to tackle have become resistant to them.
These important medicines need to be used wisely to maximise the NHS’s ability to treat infections in the future.
The increase in antibiotic resistance is a major concern that needs action at a global level, experts are warning.
The Department of Health have published new guidance on the use of antibiotics in hospitals ahead of European Antibiotics Awareness Day on Sunday.
- Antibiotics are losing their effectiveness at an increasing rate, the Department of Health have warned.
- There are very few new antibiotics in the development pipeline.
- Existing antibiotics should be used wisely in order to stay effective, the Department of Health have said.
- Many antibiotics are prescribed and used for mild infections when they don’t need to be.
- Colds and most coughs, sinusitis, earache and sore throats often get better without antibiotics.
- All colds and most coughs and sore throats are caused by viruses and generally these will get better on their own.
- Antibiotics do not work against infections caused by viruses, the NHS warn.
- Viral infections are also much more common than bacterial infections.
A lot of people with coughs, colds and flu still visit the doctor expecting to be given antibiotics for their treatment and it can be difficult for the doctor to refuse.
This expectation puts a lot of pressure on the doctor to prescribe antibiotics which is often not necessary and causes increased antimicrobial resistance in the long run.
Bacteria will always adapt to try and survive the effects of the antibiotic and we have seen that the problem of resistance is growing.
– Dr Cliodna McNulty, the HPA's lead on EAAD
GP patients who have had antibiotics in the last six months are twice as likely to have an infection with resistant bacteria.
This is why it is very important that we preserve the antibiotics that we have by not prescribing them where they are not necessary so that they are effective when we really do need them.
Antibiotics are important medicines used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Bacteria can adapt and find ways to survive the effects of an antibiotic.
They become ‘antibiotic resistant’, meaning that the antibiotic no longer works.
The more often we use an antibiotic, the more likely it is that bacteria will become resistant to it.
Some bacteria that cause infections in hospitals, such as MRSA, are resistant to several antibiotics.