Independent economists claim changes to the state pension, which were set out today by the Government, will hit more people than they will help. The self-employed and women who have given up work to raise families will benefit.
But the Institute for Fiscal Studies says millions of others will lose out. Our Political Editor, Tom Bradby, looks at the winners and the losers.
– Dot Gibson, National Pensioners' Convention
The Government has not been completely honest in today's announcement. The fact is that without additional money, our state pension system will remain completely inadequate.
Future pensioners have little chance of putting aside any money given our low wage economy or building up a decent company pension and will therefore have to rely more and more on the state system.
But even at today's prices, £144 a week still represents a state pension that is well below the official poverty line for older people.
Labour claims more than 400,000 women on the verge of retirement will miss out under the Government's pensions reforms. Shadow Pensions Minister, Gregg McClymont, said the plan would create "steep cliff edges and significant costs".
Even at my speed reading of today's White Paper there will be heavy losers, steep cliff ledges and significant costs if this proposal goes ahead. For example, the briefing from the Government over the weekend was at pains to emphasise the women-friendly aspect of these measures.
But can I ask you directly about the 429,000 born between 6 April 1952 and 6 July 1953? Is it the case that these 429,000 women will not qualify for the single tier state pension, yet men born (between) the same dates will do so? Is that the case?
The government has published its plans for pension reform online. You can read the White Paper in full here.
– Steve Webb, Pensions Minister
More than 10 million people at work today are not saving enough to generate the sort of income they want to receive in retirement. A combination of a single, simple, decent state pension and the right to a workplace pension with a statutory contribution from their employer will mean - for the first time - there will be a firm foundation for retirement for the workforce of today.
Outlining the pension shake-up in the Commons this afternoon the Pensions Minister, Steve Webb said:
The overall cost of the new system will be the same as the one it replaces. This is not a pensions giveaway for the next generation. A higher flat pension is only affordable because in the long term people will not become entitled to very large earnings-related pensions through the state system.
But in a world where everyone will be automatically enrolled into a workplace pension with a contribution from their employer it no longer makes sense for the state to be running its own, separate, earnings-related pension scheme.
Dr Ros Altmann, who advised the Labour government on pensions, tells ITV News how the future reforms will affect different groups.
– Institute for Fiscal Studies
The proposed reforms would be a welcome simplification of the current rather complex rules, particularly in the short run, but they also imply a reduction in the state pensions that most people born after around 1970 can expect to receive from the state.
This cut in the generosity of pension benefits for currently young people will help reduce public spending on pensioners in the longer-run as pressures from an ageing population intensify. Reducing state support will also increase the incentives for younger cohorts to save privately for their retirement.