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One million households in England and Wales do not speak English as their first language, according to new figures released by the Office for National Statistics.
The figures, taken from the 2011 Census of England and Wales show:
- 91% (21.3 million) of all usual residents of households spoke English as their main language.
- In around 4% (868,000) of households, at least one adult spoke English
- In 1% (182,000) of households, no adults but at least one child spoke English
- In the remaining 4% (1 million) of households, there were no residents who spoke English as their main language
22% of people living in London do not speak English as their main language, according to the ONS.
Outside London this percentage varied from three per cent in the North East to 7% in the West Midlands.
- English (English or Welsh if in Wales). 92.3%
- Polish, 1.0%
- Panjabi, 0.5%
- Urdu, 0.5%
- Bengali (with Sylheti and Chatgaya), 0.4%
- Gujarati, 0.4%
- Arabic, 0.3%
- French, 0.3%
- All other Chinese (excludes Madarin and Cantonese), 0.3%
- Portuguese, 0.2%
- Spanish, 0.2%
- Tamil, 0.2%
- Turkish, 0.2%
- Italian, 0.2%
- Somali, 0.2%
- Lithuanian, 0.2%
- German, 0.1%
- Persian/Farsi, 0.1%
- Tagalog/Filipino, 0.1%
- Romanian, 0.1%
Figures from the Office of National Statistics: Quick Statistics for England and Wales 2011.
New figures from the 2011 UK census show that Polish is the second biggest language in England, with 1% of residents citing it as their main language. The census found:
- 92% of usual residents spoke English (English and Welsh in Wales) as their main language
- Less than half a percent of residents said they could not speak English
- The second most reported language was Polish (one per cent, or 546,000)
- The third most reported language was Panjabi (half of one per cent, 273,000)
- Followed closely by Urdu (half of one per cent, 269,0000)
The figures are from the Office of National Statistics, based on the 2011 Census of England and Wales.