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WWF-UK has warned the government that it should be careful not to "stifle" the onshore wind industry just to silence a "vocal minority".
Nick Molho, the head of climate and energy policy at WWF-UK, said:
A Conservative MP said the government's new proposals on wind farms that would allow communities to stop them being built in their area marked "the beginning of the end" of unwanted onshore turbines.
Chris Heaton-Harris, MP for Daventry, said the views of local residents and councils had been "ridden roughshod over" for too long and welcomed the rules.
RenewableUK, an energy trade association, said the government's proposals of giving communities a financial "sweetener" for having wind farms in their area was "uneconomic."
The government has announced a raft of new proposals that gives communities the chance to stop wind farms being built in their area.
Here is a look at how important wind turbines are for the UK's energy supply:
- Onshore wind provided 3% of the UK's electricity supplies in 2011.
- That generated enough power for the equivalent of 2.5 million homes.
- More than 4,000 wind turbines are in operation across the country.
- Almost 6,000 are under or awaiting construction or in the planning system.
- The industry attracted £1.6 billion in private investment in 2011/2012.
- It supports approximately 1,800 jobs.
Energy Secretary Ed Davey said the government's wind farm proposals aimed to ensure that communities would "see the windfall" of hosting developments in their area.
He said: "It is important that onshore wind is developed in a way that is truly sustainable - economically, environmentally and socially, and today's announcement will ensure that communities see the windfall from hosting developments near to them, not just the wind farm.
"We remain committed to the deployment of appropriately sited onshore wind, as a key part of a diverse, low carbon and secure energy mix and committed to an evidence-based approach to supporting low carbon power."
The renewable energy industry has raised concerns over the proposed "sweetener" of higher payments to communities for allowing wind farms in their area.
They believe the new measures would make some developments uneconomic and prevent them from going ahead.
The new measures proposed by the Government would demand a five-fold increase in what developers are expected to pay residents for allowing wind turbines in their local area.
A community agreeing to a medium-sized wind farm that might involve around 10 turbines would receive a package of benefits worth £100,000 a year or seeing up to £400 cut from each household's bill.
One scheme, which is already running, has seen residents close to a wind farm in Aberdeen get £122 off their bills.
RenewableUK, an energy trade association, estimates that turbines in the planning system or approved but not yet built could deliver up to almost £150 million to communities.
Residents will be able to stop the construction of wind farms under new guidance which puts people's concerns over the need for renewable energy.
As part of a package of measures that will significantly increase the amount of money communities will receive for agreeing to host wind farms nearby, the changes include hundreds of pounds off energy bills for householders.
Energy Secretary Ed Davey said the Government remained committed to "appropriately sited onshore wind" but a Downing Street source said David Cameron felt it was "important that local voters are taken into account."
However concerns have been raised that the new rules will mark the end of new onshore wind, making it harder to build wind farms, with not many communities keen to take up the "sweetener" of payments.
The renewables industry said that the much higher rate of payments would make some developments uneconomic and prevent them from going ahead.