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Today's measures are a response to several recent scandals in both care homes and hospitals.
They include the case of Winterbourne View care home in Bristol where patients with learning difficulties were abused and neglected by staff.
Footage captured by an undercover BBC reporter showing patients being slapped, dragged on the floor and doused in cold water eventually led to 11 staff pleading guilty to 38 charges.
Stafford Hospital was also the subject of a damning report by Robert Francis QC which concluded that patients were routinely neglected by staff.
It detailed how patients were left unfed and unwashed, some of them in soiled sheets.
Care and support minister Norman Lamn has said it is "striking" that there have been no prosecutions of healthcare providers or directors resulting from a string of scandals.
He said the measures announced today were designed to bring an end to that.
The government will today announce measures that aim to restore confidence in the care system after a series of scandals, including Winterbourne View and Mid-Staffs.
The measures include:
- A compulsory 'fit and proper person' test for hospital and care home directors. If they fail the test, they will be removed from their post.
- Addressing a loophole in the system where providers responsible for appalling failures in care can escape prosecution.
- Allowing the Care Quality Commission to prosecute providers and their directors without giving prior notice.
Directors in charge of care homes and hospitals will be held personally accountable for any abuse or neglect under new measures being unveiled today.
Care and Support Minister Norman Lamb will say that the changes are designed to prevent a repeat of cases like Winterbourne View, where an undercover reporter revealed shocking abuse at a Bristol care home.
The new standards will require directors to take a "fit and proper" test to ensure they fit the role, and make it easier for the health watchdog to prosecute them where there are clear failures to meet basic standards of care.
The measures will apply to any care provider that is registered under the Care Quality Commission.