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Barclays said it will contest a record £300 million fine imposed by the US energy regulator in court.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has accused the banking giant of fixing electricity prices in California and other states for more than two years.
Four of Barclays former traders also received fines for allegedly fixing power prices between November 2006 and December 2008.
The US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has said Barclays and four of its power traders must pay fines totalling $453m (£300m) in its most ambitious market manipulation case to date.
The record fines, first proposed by the regulator's staff in October 2012 over alleged manipulation of California and other western power markets by the British bank last decade, were upheld in an order after assessment by FERC commissioners.
Earlier findings by regulatory staff said the bank deliberately lost money in physical power markets to benefit its financial positions between 2006 and 2008, and that the Barclays traders knew their activity was unlawful.
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Barclays' energy traders are accused of manipulating energy prices in California between 2006 and 2008.