More than half (54%) of children in workless families in Scotland are in poverty, compared with 10% of those in working families.
Changes to benefits are likely to have increased poverty for children in workless families further, the report says.
– JRF Scotland advisor Jim McCormick.
Progress on reducing child poverty has stalled after a steady reduction and the rate is set to rise again.
The challenge for each side of the referendum campaign is to demonstrate how a country where no child grows up and remains in poverty can be achieved.
Tackling the issue must be a priority for governments at Holyrood and Westminster regardless of the referendum outcome, JRF Scotland advisor Jim McCormick said.