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The authors of a new study into maternal depression said their findings make a "compelling" case for a rethink in approaches to how to support mothers.
Dr Hannah Woolhouse, psychologist and senior research officer said:
A new study of maternal health has found that depression is more common when a child is four after a first birth than at any time during the first 12 months of a baby's life. The study evaluated 1,507 women at three, six, 12, 18 months and four years after giving birth.
Researchers were alarmed to find that women with only one child at four years after birth showed significantly higher levels of depression than women with one or two children.
Contributing factors reported were:
- Reporting depressive symptoms either in early pregnancy, or in the first 12 months after childbirth
- Being a young mother, aged 18-24
- Stressful life events in the year before the four year follow-up
- Violence from a partner
- Low income
But at four years after giving birth, 40% of women reporting depressive symptoms had not previously reported this.
Depression is more common in first-time mothers when the child is four years old than at any time during the 12 months after giving birth, according to a major new study from Australia.
The research shows almost one in three first-time mothers reported depressive symptoms at least once between pregnancy and four years after giving birth.