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Parliament must address the deep cynicism in the public reflected by the mass of voters who turned to Ukip or did not vote at all, Ed Miliband has said as he replied to the Queen's Speech.
The Leader of the Opposition claimed apathy and discontent were challenges faced by all parties and governments, risking the undermining of Britain's democracy.
He said: "What the recent elections show is that more than at any time for generations, this House faces a contemporary battle of its own - a battle for relevance, legitimacy, and standing in the eyes of the public."
The Unite union has accused the Government of "skirting around the big issues facing the UK" in the coalition's legislative programme announced in the Queen’s Speech.
It welcomed initiatives to crackdown on bosses that don’t pay the national minimum wage, pensions, tax-free childcare, tackling ‘modern slavery’ and infrastructure.
However, it said that "the devil was in the detail" and there was no guarantee they would be implemented before next May’s election.
Nick Clegg has said the Queen's Speech was about securing the economic recovery and giving everyone in the UK the opportunity to "get on in life".
In a video message, the Deputy Prime Minister pointed to policies such as subsidised childcare, pension reforms and building more energy-efficient homes as examples of how the Government is helping ordinary families.
Stronger laws to protect vulnerable children and people at risk of child cruelty, sexual exploitation and female genital mutilation have been promised in the Queen's Speech.
It falls under the Serious Crime Bill, which aims to tackle child neglect, disrupt serious organised crime and strengthen powers to seize proceeds of crime.
A new offence of possessing paedophilic manuals is to be created along with ensuring the Children and Young Persons Act 1933 - which deals with cruelty to under 16 year olds - clearly states that cruelty to a child that is likely to cause psychological harm is a crime.
The Bill will also extend the reach of the offences in the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 so that they apply to habitual as well as permanent UK residents.
David Cameron said the Queen's Speech marks "the next big step in our long-term plan for Britain."
"It's aim is clear, to secure our country's economic future to back all those who work hard and want to get on and give people piece of mind," the Prime Minister said in a YouTube message.
ITV Border's Political Editor Peter MacMahon tweeted following the Queen's Speech to Parliament:
Changes to laws will make it easier for companies to frack under people's homes without their permission.
A controversial new Infrastructure Bill could include measures that allow shale developers to drill under houses and land for shale oil and gas.
The developers are currently facing a "legal block" of thousands of people across the country denying them permission under trespass laws to drill under their properties .
Announcing the bill in her speech to Parliament today, the Queen said: "My Government will introduce a bill to bolster investment in infrastructure and reform planning law to improve economic competitiveness.
"The bill will enhance the United Kingdom's energy independence and security by opening up access to shale and geothermal site and maximising North Sea resources."
Have-a-go heroes and Good Samaritans are to be given new legal protections if they are sued for neglect or breach of duty after they intervene in an emergency.
A new Social Action, Responsibility and Heroism Bill, unveiled in the Queen's Speech and applicable to England and Wales, will aim to give "peace of mind" to volunteers after research showed that many people are put off by the fear that they may risk legal liabilities.
New provisions will require courts adjudicating claims to consider whether the defendant was acting "for the benefit of society or any of its members" and had demonstrated a generally responsible approach towards protecting safety when the alleged incident took place.
The courts will have to take account of evidence that the individual "took heroic action by intervening in an emergency to assist an individual in danger and without regard to his own safety or other interests".
Latest ITV News reports
A loud thud could be heard in the House of Lords as the child fainted at around eight minutes and 53 seconds into the Queen's Speech.
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