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Vast crowds gathered in Seoul's Gwanghwamun Square in South Korea as Pope Francis delivered a beatification mass for 124 Catholic martyrs.
Beatification is the last step before sainthood in the Roman Catholic Church.
In his homily before a crowd of hundreds of thousands, Francis said the martyrs' courage and charity and their rejection of the rigid social structures of their day should be an inspiration for people today.
Pope Francis has surprised South Koreans during his visit to the country by shunning an expensive luxury car to travel in a compact car instead.
After arriving at the airport he climbed into the backseat of a a Kia Soul - the manufacturer's second smallest model.
Pope Francis has refused to use a bullet-proof "popemobile" like his predecessors in favour of low-key cars.
His choice of car has received wide coverage in South Korea, where ostentatious shows of wealth usually represent a person's status.
Pope Francis has arrived in South Korea on the first papal visit to the Asian nation in 25 years, stepping off a plane on to a red carpet and greeting the president, Catholics and grieving relatives of the recent ferry disaster.
During his five-day visit, Francis plans to beatify 124 Korean martyrs and encourage a vibrant and growing local church seen as a model for the future of Catholicism.
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The Pope posed and smiled for a selfie with a young Catholic in South Korea.
Pope Francis was greeted by cheers and the waving of handkerchiefs as he arrived at South Korea's Daejeon World Cup Stadium to hold a mass.