People with mental illnesses and intellectual disabilities are dying earlier as a result of a failure to address their needs by the NHS, the doctors' union has warned.
Urgent action is needed to ensure equal value is placed on both patients' mental and physical health in the face of "distressing" evidence about the life expectancy of the mentally ill and people with learning disabilities, a report by the British Medical Association (BMA) board of science has said.
Chancellor George Osborne has been accused of doing "nothing" to address funding shortfalls in the NHS in his latest Budget.
Dr Mark Porter, chair of council at the British Medical Association, said: "Despite claiming the economy is on the up, today's Budget does nothing to address the crippling funding shortfall in the NHS.
"While the Government claims the NHS budget is protected, in reality it's suffered £20 billion of cuts, billions of which have come from a sustained attack on staff pay.
"Without the investment needed to meet rising patient demand and put the NHS on a sustainable financial footing the Government need to face up to the reality that patient care, and indeed the very future of the NHS, will be at risk."
The Government has decided to phase out a funding arrangement called the Minimum Practice Income Guarantee (MPIG) over a seven-year period, beginning in April - a move that doctors' leaders have warned could force around 100 GP practices to close.
MPIG means many smaller GP practices are guaranteed a minimum level of funding that is not dependent on the number of patients on their practice list.
NHS England has published an anonymised list of 98 'outlier' practices that could lose more than £3 per patient per year.
Some practices on the list will lose more than £100 per patient per year while others stand to lose around £20 or £30 per patient.
Pensioners could still face huge bills for residential care despite the Government's plan to cap costs at £72,000, according to Labour calculations.
The Government's cap does not cover accommodation and living expenses, and care costs only count towards the limit at the rate the local council would pay for a place in a residential home.
Labour analysis showed that as a result it will take almost five years for elderly people to hit the cap - during which time they will have clocked up more than £150,000 for their actual residential care home bill.
In 2016/17 when the cap is due to come into effect the average council rate for residential care is estimated to be £522 a week, but the average price of a care home bed will be £610 a week.
The difference between the council rate and what pensioners actually pay will not count towards the cap
Pensioners in care homes will also have to pay £230 a week for their accommodation, which is counted separately from care costs and does not count towards the cap
The British Medical Association has warned against amendments added to the Government's Care Bill, saying they would allow the Health Secretary to "force changes through the back door".
Referring to ministers' recent defeat over attempts to cut A&E and maternity services at Lewisham Hospital, Dr Mark Porter, chair of the BMA Council, said:
"As we saw with Lewisham Hospital any attempt to use the failure of a hospital to force through change at neighbouring trusts can result in unnecessary strain on services, patient uncertainty and a huge cost to the taxpayer.