Most people wrongly believe wine is healthier than beer, a study by the Campaign for Real Ale (Camra) found.
A survey of 1,000 adults revealed that two-thirds thought drinking wine was the most healthy, compared with just 13% for beer.
The group said it is a "myth" that wine is healthier than other alcoholic drinks, pointing to previous research showing that the effect of drinking on health often depends on other aspects of lifestyle such as smoking, diet and weight.
Camra chairman Colin Valentine said: "In moderation, beer is just as healthy as wine."
The real ale campaign group Camra says that British pubs are closing at a rate of 12 per week, and that above-inflation tax on beer is partly to blame.
Lancashire and the West Midlands are most severely affected by pub closures, their study found. Pubs in towns are closing twice as fast as those in the countryside.
Camra is urging people to sign its e-petition calling for an end toabove-inflation beer tax increases in response to a 42% increase in duty since2008. More than 33,000 have signed up so far.
The group's chief executive Mike Benner said: "Pubs are so central to our society that whole communities can grow around a particular pub. A threat to the future of traditional pubs is therefore also a threat to countless social groups within Britain that thrive because of their local."