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'Killer' cell finding 'key to fighting breast cancer'

Scientists behind the discovery that sufferers of aggressive breast cancer stand a better chance of survival if they have "killer" T-cells near their tumour said the finding was "key" to a better understanding of how to fight the disease.

Professor Peter Johnson,Cancer Research UK chief clinician, explained:

This research highlights the great strides we are making in understanding the complex interplay between cancer and the body's immune system.

These studies are key to informing how we are best able to treat patients in the clinic and to design better drugs that make the best use of the body's own defences.

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Prostate cancer patients' survival rates improve most

Survival rates for testicular cancer had jumped from 69 percent to 98 percent, and for malignant skin cancer from 46 percent to 89 percent, a major new study shows.

Researchers looking at data from over 7 million patients found an increase in survival rates from the 1970s, when just a quarter of patients lived as long as 10 years.

The chart bellow shows the survival rates improvements. Each arrow illustrates the increase in survival rates between 1971 and 2011.

All cancers rates improved from 25 percent in 1971 to 50 percent in 2011.

Adult 10-year net survival, England & Wales Credit: Cancer Research UK

The chief executive of Cancer Research UK, Dr Harpal Kumarhas, told ITV News the survival rates reflect the "enormous progress" in cancer treatment.

Dr Kumar added that for many patients the survival time would be "very much longer" than 10 years.

Women with breast cancer now had a 78 percent chance of surviving at least a decade, compared with 40 percent in 1971. Similarly, the proportion of men living 10 years with prostate cancer had jumped from 25 percent to around 80 percent.

But it was not all good news. The outlook remained bleak for patients with the deadliest forms of cancer.

Fewer than 5 percent of people diagnosed with lung and pancreatic cancer could expect to live 10 years, and for oesophageal and brain cancers decade-long survival was no more than 15 percent.

Cancer patient on battling disease which killed his mum

A man who was diagnosed with the same cancer which claimed his mother's life has told ITV News of the "long journey" he took to beat the disease.

Richie Birch was given only a 3% chance of surviving pancreatic cancer, but after a lengthy operation and courses of chemotherapy he has now been free of the disease for four and a half years.

He said the key for pancreatic cancer sufferers was early diagnosis, as many patients are not aware they ahve di

Cancer Research chief hails 'enormous progress'

The "enormous progress" in cancer treatment means the disease is no longer considered a "death sentence", the chief executive of Cancer Research UK has told ITV News.

Harpal Kumar also urged people with symptoms to go and see their doctor as "more often than not" there will be effective treatment available.

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'It never crossed my mind I would not beat cancer'

A former cancer patient has told ITV News that it "never crossed her mind" she would not beat the disease.

Laural Johnson, who was treated for oesophageal cancer, also said she was "excited" by a new study from Cancer Research UK showing a marked improvement in survival rates.

'Tipping point' in battle with cancer

The fight against cancer has reached a "tipping point" with more than half of sufferers now surviving at least 10 years, a major new study shows.

Researchers looking at data from over 7 million patients found a huge increase in survival rates from the 1970s, when just a quarter of patients lived as long as ten years after diagnosis.

The chief executive of Cancer Research UK, Dr Harpal Kumar, added that for many patients the survival time would be "very much longer" than 10 years.

'No make-up selfies' lead to £2m charity donations

'No make-up selfies' have now prompted £2 million to be donated to Cancer Research UK.

The internet craze, which has gained momentum on social media in the UK in the last week, involves women taking photographs of themselves without make-up, posting them online, making a donation to charity and nominating others to do the same.

Other cancer charities have also seen a rise in donations following the campaign.

On Thursday Cancer Research UK revealed they had received £1 million in donations off the back of the trend in just 24 hours. Today they tweeted:

More than 14m diagnosed with cancer every year

More than 14 million people around the world are diagnosed with cancer every year, according to global data published by Cancer Research UK.

Men are almost a quarter more likely to be diagnosed with the disease than women.

More than 14 million people around the world are diagnosed with cancer every year. Credit: Press Association

Nick Ormiston-Smith at Cancer Research UK said: "The contrast in cancer death rates between the sexes may be down to more men being diagnosed with types of cancers that are harder to treat, such as cancers of the bladder, liver, lung and oesophagus.

"Cancer is estimated to account for around 16 percent of all deaths worldwide. Age is the biggest risk factor for most cancers and, as global life-expectancy increases, we'll see more people being diagnosed with the disease. But lifestyle also plays an important role.

"Worldwide, tobacco consumption has been responsible for an estimated 100 million deaths in the last century and, if current trends continue, it will kill 1,000 million in the 21st century.

"Smoking is by far the most important preventable cause of cancer in the world."

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