The search engines have stepped up to the plate - their reforms will help remove video child abuse content more quickly and comprehensively.
An ITV investigation has helped Cambodian police to break up a major child abuse ring that supplied youngsters to British paedophiles.
An ITV Exposure investigation has uncovered how British paedophiles could be going to Cambodia to take advantage of the child sex trade.
A list of commons "myths and stereotypes" about victims will be included in new guidelines for prosecuting cases involving child sexual abuse.
- The victim invited sex by the way they dressed or acted.
- The victim used alcohol or drugs and was therefore sexually available.
- The victim didn't scream, fight or protest so they must have been consenting.
- The victim didn't complain immediately, so it can't have been a sexual assault.
- The victim is in a relationship with the alleged offender and is therefore a willing sexual partner.
- A victim should remember events consistently.
- Children can consent to their own sexual exploitation.
- Only girls and young women are victims of CSA.
- There will be physical evidence of abuse.
New guidelines for the prosecution of child sex abuse cases will be published by the Crown Prosecution Service today.
The Director of Public Prosecutions said it marked "the most fundamental attitude shift" in the criminal justice system in a generation.
The advice will include a list of myths and stereotypes about victims that prosecutors may need to battle in court.
They include claims being undermined by a delay in reporting a crime, inconsistencies in what the victim remembers and whether they were drunk or wearing revealing clothes.
Justice Minister Damian Green admitted more work was needed to help children be supported through the court process. Responding to the NSPCC report that highlighted failures in adequate care of young and vulnerable witnesses at criminal proceedings, he said:
There are a range of measures available to help reduce the anxiety of attending court, including giving evidence behind a screen or the use of a registered intermediary, which has increased significantly over recent years. We are also trialling pre-recorded evidence for young and vulnerable witnesses.
We recognise that more work needs to be done.
I have ordered an investigation into how we might reduce the distress caused to victims from cross examination from multiple defence barristers without compromising the fundamental right to a fair trial.
A senior policy analyst for the NSPCC says young witnesses can be questioned by barristers in an "aggressive way" when giving evidence in court in sexual abuse cases.
Lisa McCrindle told the BBC:
– Lisa McCrindle, senior policy analyst for the NSPCC
The courts are concentrating on the point of law, which is correct, but it means there is often little or no communication between the courts and the child.
Here is a breakdown of the key points of the NSPCC's findings:
- Currently just two per cent of child witnesses in criminal court cases receive guidance on criminal proceedings from registered advisers, the NSPCC findings reported, and yet at least half said they were unable to understand some of the questions they had been asked.
- The research showed that more than 50 per cent of child witnesses reported symptoms of stress ahead of a trial, including panic attacks, self-harm and difficulty sleeping.
Children giving evidence in court in sexual abuse cases need to be given more support, with many suffering from stress ahead of a trial, the NSPCC has said.
The children's charity warned some cases are collapsing because not enough is done to help vulnerable witnesses, it has been reported.
Fewer than a quarter of the 23,000 child sex offences recorded in England and Wales last year resulted in prosecution, according to the NSPCC.
Chief executive Peter Wanless told the BBC news website: "These children have to publicly relive the most traumatic, upsetting and humiliating experience of their lives in order to try and get justice."
The deputy chief executive of the Child Exploitation and Online Protection (Ceop) centre has warned the internet "amplifies" the opportunities of paedophiles for abuse.
Andy Baker told ITV News, "They send out hundreds if not thousands of emails to children they spotted on social networking sites - they've seen their profile, they research them, and they also contact them as if they know them."
Mr Baker said the paedophiles then "dupe" the children into believing that they are around the same age and "pretty quickly" ask to see explicit pictures of them.
"Once you pass over that photograph that's it - that's the start of this real sexual extortion and demand, and then the fear kicks in," he added.