Gertrude Bell was an explorer and spy in the First World War.

Traditional names 'dying out'

No more Gertrudes or Berthas and say goodbye to Cecil as traditional names are in danger of dying out.

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Society 'not recognising' threat of children to each other

The report suggests that while the fact that paedophiles prey on young children is widely recognised by society, the idea of children abusing each other - through gangs or groups - is rarely acknowledged.

The fact that some adults (usually men) rape and abuse children is generally accepted.

There is, however, a long way to go before the appalling reality of sexual violence and exploitation committed by children and young people is believed.

We have found shocking and profoundly distressing evidence of sexual assault, including rape, being carried out by young people against other children and young people.

While we have published chilling evidence of this violence in gang-associated contexts, we know too that it is more widespread than that. This is a deep malaise within society from which we must not shirk.

– Sue Berelowitz, deputy children's commissioner

Children 'are abusing children'

Children are committing sexual assaults against each other, "profoundly distressing" evidence suggests.

A new study has found that children are committing sexual assaults against each other.
A new study has found that children are committing sexual assaults against each other. Credit: Rui Vieira/PA Wire

The scale and nature of this sexual violence - including rape - indicates a "deep malaise" within society that needs to be dealt with, according to a damning report by the Office of the Children's Commissioner for England.

The two year long enquiry says the problem is prevalent in every area of England and not just restricted to deprived, inner city neighbourhoods. In some cases, the victims are as young as 11 years old, while the perpetrators can be just 12 or 13.


Free vitamins for tots: Good idea or a waste of money?

ITV News readers have been sharing their views on the chief medical officer's suggestion of providing free vitamins for all children under the age of five.

Read: Call for free vitamins for children under-five

[It would be a] waste of money because those parents who don't buy vitamins now probably still wouldn't give them to their children even if they were free. They need educating on a proper diet and getting kids off computer games and outside to play.

– Dawn in Liverpool

I think it is a good idea for those who aren't inclined, or don't have the money to give their children a proper balanced diet. The other parents who have a choice and are better informed don't have to take it up. I think this is a necessary quick fix.

– Lallie in Jersey

Why not [extend the scheme to] all children under 16?

– Andrea in Merseyside

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Rickets: The Victorian disease returning to England

England should be "profoundly ashamed" of the state of children's healthcare including the return of the Victorian-era disease rickets, the chief medical officer Professor Dame Sally Davies has said.

Rickets can cause bone deformities such as bowed legs in children
Rickets can cause bone deformities such as bowed legs in children Credit: NHS

The disease affects bone development in children and can cause bone deformities like bowed legs. The most common cause of rickets is a lack of vitamin D and calcium.

It mostly disappeared from the Western world in the 1940s with the advent of Vitamin D additives in cereals and margarine, but is now on the rise in the UK.

Symptoms of rickets include painful bones, delayed growth and skeletal problems. If you suspect your child may be displaying these symptoms, consult your GP.

Levels of Vitamin D and calcium can be boosted by eating a diet rich in oil fish, eggs, dairy products and dark green vegetables, and by spending some time in sunlight.

Mead more about rickets here

Report: UK second-worst in Europe for children's health

The annual report by England's chief medical officer focuses on children's physical and mental health. Here are some of its key findings:

  • UK is second-worst in western Europe for children's health
  • More than 12 percent of toddlers are obese, as are more than 16 percent of boys and girls up to the age of 15
  • The costs of childhood obesity could be as high as £700 per year
  • 40 percent of children have some kind of vitamin D deficiency
  • Only a quarter of children with clinical mental health disorders get help within the first three years, while three quarters of lifetime mental health disorders start before the age of 18

Read: Experts warn of child 'obesity timebomb'

Read the full report here

Five more child deaths a day in UK than in Sweden

England's chief medical officer, Professor Dame Sally Davies, has said that there are five more child deaths in the UK every day than in Sweden.

She said that 40 percent of children in the UK have lower levels of vitamin D than they should have, partly as a result of not having enough exposure to sunlight.

Daybreak's Matt Barbet asked her whether free vitamins are enough:

Read more about increasing your levels of Vitamin D here

Young children 'should be given daily vitamin drops'

NHS recommendations are for all youngsters aged six months to five years to be given daily vitamin drops, but parents have to pay for them unless they are part of the free Healthy Start programme.

Evidence suggests take-up of the vitamins is low among poorer families but even children in better-off families may not be not getting enough.

Read: Experts warn of child 'obesity timebomb'

The Nice review comes as Professor Davies published a report on children's health, detailing the need to invest in young people.

It said reducing obesity by one percentage point in children could save the NHS £1 billion a year due to fewer long-term health problems.

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