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Deforestation slowing in African rainforest

A new study appears to have found that logging in one of the world's largest rainforests has slowed.

Deforestation slowing in African rainforest. Credit: Reuters

The research published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B used satelite images to examine deforestation.

The study found during the 1990s nearly 3,000 sq km (1,000 sq miles) of forest were being felled each year.

But from 2000 to 2010, the rate of deforestation slowed with fewer than 2,000 sq km (700 sq miles) of rainforest being lost every year.

The Congo Basin rainforest is second only to the Amazon in size and covers nearly 2 million sq km (800,000 sq miles).

UN confirms armed men attacked Congo camp

The United Nations has confirmed that a camp for internally displaced residents in the Democratic Republic of Congo has been attacked by armed men.

People crowd waiting to hear their names called for aid distribution Credit: APTN

During the attack, which took place overnight, six women were raped and the Mugunga camp, located outside the city of Goma, looted, the UN said in a statement.

Earlier today, the camp's residents for food aid from the World Food Programme.

Food aid bags and boxes of oil are given out to those queuing at UN camp Credit: APTN

The attack on the camp comes amid a security vacuum in the area after the M23 rebel group's departure from nearby Goma.

Only several hundred policemen are securing the city, the Associated Press reported.

People displaced by recent fighting line up on lava rocks Credit: APTN

The rebels said today they would take Goma back if the Government does not agree to negotiate with them by tomorrow.

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M23 rebel group withdraws from Goma

M23 rebel fighters are transported on a truck as they withdraw from Goma. Credit: Reuters

Rebel fighters, singing and brandishing weapons, pulled out of Democratic Republic of Congo's eastern border city of Goma today, raising hopes regional peace efforts could advance negotiations to end the insurgency.

The rebel withdrawal from Goma on Lake Kivu, a strategic hub in the country's war-scarred eastern borderlands, was agreed in a deal brokered by presidents of the Great Lakes states under Uganda's leadership a week ago.

Britain stops aid to Rwanda, cancelling £21 million

Britain has cancelled £21 million of aid to Rwanda, due to President Paul Kagame's support for rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Traditionally Rwanda has had close ties with Downing Street, but the decision comes after the United Nations asserted that Rwanda were helping fund the "M23" insurgents who have captured the city of Goma.

ITV News Africa Correspondent Rohit Kachroo reports:

Congo rebels will only withdraw if demands are met

Rebels in Democratic Republic of Congo have said today that they will withdraw from the city of Goma only if President Joseph Kabila agrees to their demands, which the government was quick to dismiss as a farce.

The deadlock raises the risk that the insurgency may turn into an all out war in a region affected by almost twenty years of conflict.

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M23 rebels in Congo 'agree to withdraw'

Rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are set to withdraw from the eastern cities of Goma and Sake following negotiations in Uganda.

Colonel Sultani Makenga, the leader of the M23 group, is said to have accepted the demand without conditions.

Congolese rebels sit in a truck as they patrol a street in Goma. Credit: Reuters/James Akena

Uganda's chief of defence forces, Aronda Nyakayirima, told Reuters: “We met last night and I communicated to him [Makenga] the decision of regional leaders reached on Saturday and he accepted to pull back his forces out of Goma and Sake and also stop any further advances southward.

"He didn't put up any conditions for pulling out because he agreed that all their grievances will be resolved in the ICGLR [Great Lakes] mechanism as stipulated in the declarations of the Saturday summit [in Kampala]."

African leaders urged the M23 on Saturday to end their aim of toppling the DRC government.

Congo conflict: 'Deadliest since WWII'

2012: The city of Goma is captured by troops from the rebel group M23, which is backed by Rwanda and Uganda, according to the UN.

M23 rebels ride in a police truck in Goma last week. Credit: Reuters

2005 - 2011: Mutinies by soldiers claiming lack of pay and poor conditions, ongoing clashes between the Congolese army and FDLR rebels, occupation by Joseph Kony's LRA in the east, UN accusations of war crimes and mass rapes.

2003 - 2005: Under an interim government lead by President Kabila, the country sees repeated coup attempts, the arrival of UN troops, and fighting between rebel groups and soldiers in the east.

Joseph Kabila is sworn in as president of the Democratic Repubic of Congo duringa ceremony in Kinshasa, in January 2001. Credit: Reuters

1998 - 2003: The second Congo war, fought at times between seven nations and many more militia groups, is said to be the deadliest since World War II.

In 2001 Joseph Kabila succeeded his father, who was shot dead by a bodyguard, as president.

1996 - 1997: The first Congo war, sparked by destabilisation caused by refugees from the Rwandan genocide, results in Laurent Kabila becoming president and renaming the country from Zaire.

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