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Hospitals to recruit patients for genome sequencing

Eleven NHS hospitals across England have been selected to begin recruiting 75,000 patients to have their genetic codes sequenced.

As part of the 100,000 Genomes Project, the 'Genomic Medicine Centres' (GMCs) will focus on patients with a rare disease and their relatives, and patients with cancer. The hospitals are:

  • East of England NHS GMC
  • South London NHS GMC
  • North West Coast NHS GMC
  • Greater Manchester NHS GMC
  • University College London Partners NHS GMC
  • North East and North Cumbria NHS GMC (will recruit patients with a rare disease only)
  • Oxford NHS GMC
  • South West Peninsula NHS GMC
  • Wessex NHS GMC
  • Imperial College Health Partners NHS GMC
  • West Midlands NHS GMC

Home Office 'loophole' sees sex suspects' DNA deleted

Yvette Cooper said Theresa May's actions show she has "not taken seriously enough the risks to rape convictions and crime from her policy." Credit: Chris Ison/PA Wire

The Home Office has been accused of "shocking incompetence" for leaving a legal loophole that prevents police from holding the DNA profiles of thousands of suspected sex offenders.

From October, police in England and Wales will be banned from indefinitely holding genetic information on people arrested on suspicion of sexual and violent crimes once they have been released without charge.

Police will be given the right to apply for data to be held for longer, the BBC reported.

But with this appeal process not yet in place, Labour said many forces are already following government directives to delete records ahead of the change of law.

Shadow home secretary Yvette Cooper said: "Theresa May's failure to prevent and deal with this incompetence shows she has not taken seriously enough the risks to rape convictions and crime from her policy."

The Home Office said: "Forces will be able to retain DNA from someone arrested and not charged for up to three years, but only with permission from the biometrics commissioner. And all DNA samples taken by police are checked against the national database before deletion."


DNA map cancer therapy is 'not science fiction'

Chief executive of The Institute of Cancer Research Professor Alan Ashworth, comments on the Tumour Profiling Unit's research that will look at the use of DNA mapping in future cancer treatments:

None of this is science fiction. One would think in five or 10 years this will be absolutely routine practice for every cancer patient, and that's what we're aiming to bring about.

Genetic profiling of cancer is already being investigated at several laboratories around the world, but the new unit will pioneer its use in the clinic

'Mouse avatars' could be used in cancer therapy

The £3 million Tumour Profiling Unit (TPU) in London is to research the use of DNA mapping to identify patients' cancer strains. It is hoped the technique will pave the way for radical new forms of diagnosis, surveillance and targeted therapy.

One aim of the research is to develop "liquid biopsies" that search for free-floating cancer DNA in samples of blood. This can then be used to identify and monitor cancer sub-types that are likely to respond to particular drugs.

Another, controversial, proposal is the use of "mouse avatars" that mirror a patient's disease progression.

Tumour samples from patients will be implanted into mice which will then be observed closely to spot early signs of molecular change and resistance to therapy.

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