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UN: Rwanda provides 'direct military support' to M23

The United Nations has accused the Government of Rwanda of supporting the M23 rebels operating inside the Democratic Republic of Congo in a number of reports. The UN says the "de facto chain of command" of the group culminates in Rwanda's Minister of Defence, General James Kabarebe:

The Government of Rwanda continues to violate the arms embargo by providing direct military support to the M23 rebels, facilitating recruitment, encouraging and facilitating desertions from the armed forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and providing arms, ammunition, intelligence and political advice.

The United Nations has also accused the Government of Uganda of supporting the M23 by providing "direct troop reinforcements" as well as weapons, training, and other assistance.

Read the full report by the United Nations linking the government of Rwanda to M23 rebel fighters.

Rwandan aid withheld amid 'links with Congo rebels'

Britain will withhold £21 million of aid to Rwanda amid concerns that the state is supporting rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

International Development Secretary Justine Greening said the money was being withheld due to "creditable and compelling reports" President Paul Kagame had breeched aid agreements.

The Government has already set out its concerns over credible and compelling reports of Rwandan involvement with M23 in DRC. This evidence constitutes a breach of the partnership principles set out in the Memorandum of Understanding and, as a result, I have decided not to release the next payment of budget support to Rwanda.

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Congo rebels will only withdraw if demands are met

Rebels in Democratic Republic of Congo have said today that they will withdraw from the city of Goma only if President Joseph Kabila agrees to their demands, which the government was quick to dismiss as a farce.

The deadlock raises the risk that the insurgency may turn into an all out war in a region affected by almost twenty years of conflict.

M23 rebels in Congo 'agree to withdraw'

Rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are set to withdraw from the eastern cities of Goma and Sake following negotiations in Uganda.

Colonel Sultani Makenga, the leader of the M23 group, is said to have accepted the demand without conditions.

Congolese rebels sit in a truck as they patrol a street in Goma. Credit: Reuters/James Akena

Uganda's chief of defence forces, Aronda Nyakayirima, told Reuters: “We met last night and I communicated to him [Makenga] the decision of regional leaders reached on Saturday and he accepted to pull back his forces out of Goma and Sake and also stop any further advances southward.

"He didn't put up any conditions for pulling out because he agreed that all their grievances will be resolved in the ICGLR [Great Lakes] mechanism as stipulated in the declarations of the Saturday summit [in Kampala]."

African leaders urged the M23 on Saturday to end their aim of toppling the DRC government.

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Congo conflict: 'Deadliest since WWII'

2012: The city of Goma is captured by troops from the rebel group M23, which is backed by Rwanda and Uganda, according to the UN.

M23 rebels ride in a police truck in Goma last week. Credit: Reuters

2005 - 2011: Mutinies by soldiers claiming lack of pay and poor conditions, ongoing clashes between the Congolese army and FDLR rebels, occupation by Joseph Kony's LRA in the east, UN accusations of war crimes and mass rapes.

2003 - 2005: Under an interim government lead by President Kabila, the country sees repeated coup attempts, the arrival of UN troops, and fighting between rebel groups and soldiers in the east.

Joseph Kabila is sworn in as president of the Democratic Repubic of Congo duringa ceremony in Kinshasa, in January 2001. Credit: Reuters

1998 - 2003: The second Congo war, fought at times between seven nations and many more militia groups, is said to be the deadliest since World War II.

In 2001 Joseph Kabila succeeded his father, who was shot dead by a bodyguard, as president.

1996 - 1997: The first Congo war, sparked by destabilisation caused by refugees from the Rwandan genocide, results in Laurent Kabila becoming president and renaming the country from Zaire.

Congo rebel leader to meet Ugandan military chiefs

General Sultani Makenga pictured last week. Credit: Reuters

The leader of the Democratic Republic of Congo's M23 rebel group Colonel Sultani Makenga is travelling to the Ugandan capital Kampala at the invitation of the head of the Ugandan military, a rebel spokesman said.

"He's on his way to Kampala, he has been invited by the military chief of Uganda," Amani Kabasha told Reuters by phone from an undisclosed location.

The Ugandan military could not be immediately reached for comment.

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