David Cameron, Nicola Sturgeon and the Princess Royal, along with the German President Joachim Gauck, joined descendants of those who fought at the Battle of Jutland for a centenary service to remember the thousands who died in the largest naval battle of the First World War.
During the service at St Magnus Cathedral on Orkney diary entries of those who served on both sides were read out, while a German and a British cadet lit a candle in a sign of hope.
Princess Anne represented the royal family at the memorial after the Duke of Edinburgh cancelled his trip on doctor's advice.
ITV News reporter Sally Biddulph reports:
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The granddaughter of a survivor of the Quintinshill rail disaster Susan Hughes said her grandfather went on to fight in Gallipoli.
Ms Hughes said: "He went straight on to fight but said it was worse than anything he saw in battle."
John Edward, the great-grandson of a victim who died at Quintinshill, has said the disaster "wasn't really talked about" by his family.
Retired Colonel of Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Martin Gibson said he is very proud of the men who lost their live in the Quintinshill rail disaster.
He told ITV News: "We are very proud of the men who gave their lives, even before they got to war. That is the thing we find terribly difficult to accept."
Princess Anne has arrived at Gretna for the commemoration service marking the 100th anniversary of the Quintinshill rail disaster.
Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has arrived at Gretna Green for today's service marking the centenary of the Quintinshill rail disaster.
A parade is currently forming at the memorial cairn ahead of the official commemorative service, which begins at 11am.