The Government's plans to encourage NHS trusts to ensure three quarters of their workers are vaccinated from the flu "is a very welcome initiative", a lung and heart expert has told Daybreak.
Professor Peter Openshaw, director of the Centre for Respiratory Infection, welcomed plans to encourage NHS trusts to make sure their workers are properly immunised by allowing them access to some of the £250 million funding.
NHS trusts that fail to prove at least 75% of their workers have had the jab will be blackballed from emergency funding.
According to health secretary Jeremy Hunt, the £250 million the Government has pledged to tackle the perennial flu problem will be used to protect some of the UK's youngest children against the disease.
Two and three year olds in England will be offered flu vaccinations as part of the new initiative to tackle winter health problems.
GPs will administer a single dose nasal spray to toddlers alongside the annual campaign to vaccinate Britain's elderly and vulnerable.
The nasal spray flu vaccine is also for children aged two to 18 who are 'at risk' from flu, such as children with long-term health conditions.
Scientists have found a "blueprint" for a universal flu vaccine, according to the leader of a research project into influenza, said Professor Lalvan:
Our findings suggest that by making the body produce more of this specific type of CD8 T cell, you can protect people against symptomatic illness. This provides the blueprint for developing a universal flu vaccine.
We already know how to stimulate the immune system to make CD8 T cells by vaccination.
Now that we know these T cells may protect, we can design a vaccine to prevent people getting symptoms and transmitting infection to others.
This could curb seasonal flu annually and protect people against future pandemics.
British scientists are one step closer to developing a "holy grail" universal flu vaccine that would tackle all strains of the illness.
A successful jab would stimulate the body to create more immune cells capable of attacking the virus and could be effective at preventing new strains that cross into humans from birds and pigs, according to scientists.
Results from the 2009 swine flu pandemic showed patients with more virus-killing immune cells in their blood at the start of the illness, would avoid sever illness, researchers at Imperial College London (ICL) found.
Professor Ajit Lalvani from the National Heart and Lung Institute at ICL, who led the study, said: "New strains of flu are continuously emerging, some of which are deadly, and so the holy grail is to create a universal vaccine that would be effective against all strains of flu."
Children aged two and three will be vaccinated against flu for the first time in a raft of new Government measures to prevent a winter health crisis.
Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt presented the step as part of his strategy to help the most vulnerable during the winter months after announcing an ambitious plan to overhaul the way A&E departments cope with increased pressure.
He told reporters that NHS trusts will have to ensure that 75% of all their staff have been vaccinated against flu to gain access to a new £500 million A&E fund next year.
This winter 53 of the most "at risk" A&E departments across the country will have access to the fund to help them provide extra consultant care, improve care for those with long-term conditions and integrate better with social care teams.
All children aged two to 17 are to be given the flu vaccination through a nasal spray, the Health Department announced today.
The programme was supposed to be rolled out throughout 2014 but experts today said that two-year-olds will be offered the spray from September this year.
The UK will become the first country to offer the flu vaccine to healthy children free of charge.
Healthy children are among those who are least likely to develop complications from being infected by flu, but their close contact with each other means they are more likely to transmit the virus to one another and other vulnerable people.