The potential for fracking shale gas in the UK is huge but so too is the opposition to the process.
Green MP Caroline Lucas was among those arrested at a sit-in aimed at halting plans to drill for shale gas in a West Sussex village.
As campaigners in Balcombe begin a five-day camp in protest at fracking, supporter Tisha Brown tells ITV News why it's such a crucial issue.
David Cameron has said he wants local communities to feel the benefit of the fracking industry as he defended Government plans to encourage the controversial practice.
Councils which approve fracking projects will be allowed to keep millions more in tax revenue under plans announced by the Prime Minister today.
Mr Cameron dismissed accusations that the move amounted to a bribe to local councils to ignore the environmental concerns around fracking, insisting that all concerns should be met "head on".
David Cameron's team has tweeted a picture of the Prime Minister at a gas facility near Gainsborough in Lincolnshire.
The Chief Secretary to the Treasury Danny Alexander has defended the Government's plan to allow councils which give fracking the go-ahead to keep 100 per cent of the business rates they collect.
Asked if that amounted to a bribe, he told ITV News: "Fracking offers a significant opportunity for the UK economy. It's a potential source of considerable amounts of energy for our country.
"In common with other areas of energy development where local authorities are allowed to keep business rates, and where there are other incentives for communities - it's important and fair we should treat fracking in the same way."
Friends of the Earth spokesperson Jane Thomas says allowing councils to keep 100% of the business rates related to fracking could lead to conflicts of interests when planning applications are being considered.
She said: "This latest Government move highlights the depth of local opposition to fracking and the desperate lengths ministers are prepared to go to overcome it.
"People are right to be concerned about the impact of shale gas extraction on their communities - especially as experts say it won't lead to cheaper fuel bills.
"This move raises potentially serious concerns about conflicts of interest, if councils that benefit from this money are also the ones who decide on planning applications from fracking firms in the first place."
She added: "The Government should be encouraging the development of Britain's huge renewable power potential, instead of coming up with new incentives that keep the nation hooked on climate-changing fossil fuels."
Guy Newey, head of environment and energy at think tank Policy Exchange, says shale gas will help both regional and national economies.
He said: “Shale has huge potential in the UK, both in terms of keeping energy bills down and replacing the lost tax revenues from declining North Sea fields.
"Incentivising communities to accept infrastructure projects in the UK, whether new homes or power stations, is notoriously difficult."
He added: "Ensuring both councils and people living near shale wells benefit directly in the spoils should help smooth the planning process. This will help the economy both at a national and importantly a local level.”
Anti-fracking protesters have arrived in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire ahead of David Cameron's visit later today.
The Prime Minister will visit the site following the announcement that England councils that approve fracking projects will be able to keep 100% of the related business rates.
Today energy firm Total confirmed it had spent £30m on two exploration licences for the Lincolnshire town.
Exploration drilling was disrupted by anti-fracking demonstrations at Balcombe, West Sussex in August last year.
Among those arrested during the disruption was Green Party MP Caroline Lucas.
Protesters remained at the site until the energy firm Cuadrilla finished its test drilling in October.
Communities living near fracking sites will receive cash benefits from drilling, the Government has said. The announcement comes as it was confirmed that councils in England who approve fracking projects will be able to keep 100% of the related business rates.
In a statement, the industry confirmed it will further consult on how money can best be shared with the local community, with options including direct cash payments to people living near the site, plus the setting up of local funds directly managed by local communities.
Read more: Fracking explained
David Cameron has tweeted that plans to allow councils to keep 100 percent of business rates from fracking are part of the Government's "long term economic plan" and will create tens of thousands of jobs.
Allowing councils to keep 100% of business rates from fracking is part of our #LongTermEconomicPlan, creating tens of thousands of jobs.