General Lord Dannatt described the Commons vote on Syria as a "victory for common sense".
The former head of the British Army told the BBC the "drumbeat for war" had dwindled among the British public in recent days.
He said: "What has happened today has been a victory for common sense and for democracy, and the will of the people has been expressed through the House of Commons that we don't want to get involved in this - that's the right answer at this precise moment.
"President Obama may well take note of what's happened in Westminster tonight and think again.
"I certainly hopes he thinks again because I'm absolutely convinced the use of explosive ordinance into Damascus at the present moment will make the situation in that very difficult Syrian civil war worse, not better."
The UK risks "shooting first and asking questions later" if it intervenes in Syria before UN weapons inspectors produce their findings, Britain's former army chief told Daybreak.
General Lord Dannatt strongly opposed military intervention in Syria and wanted to hear from the weapons inspectors already in the country before British forces moved in.