Britain's Professor Peter Higgs was today announced as joint-winner of the 2013 Nobel Prize for Physics.
Scientists think the Higgs boson has been found, but what is it and for you and me, what does it all mean?
Scientists believe they have found the elusive "God particle" that gives matter mass and holds the physical fabric of the universe together
Nobel Prize winning scientist Professor Peter Higgs has revealed plans to retire next year at the age of 85.
Professor Higgs, who travels across the world to give lectures in his role as a emeritus professor at the University of Edinburgh, said:
"I'm proposing to retire at the age of 85 next year. Flying around the world giving lectures is a fairly recent phenomenon because of the build up to this discovery at Cern but for many years I had a quiet time in retirement."
The 84-year-old, who was recognised for his achievements on the theory of the the Higgs Boson particle last week, also revealed that he had turned down a knighthood in 1999.
Speaking to BBC Scotland, the Professor said: ""I got the offer from Tony Blair in November 1999. I would have been included in the millennium honours and I said no thank you.
"I thought anything of that sort was premature and anyway I didn't want that sort of title thank you. I actually didn't want any sort of title."
Nobel Prize-winning scientist Professor Peter Higgs has revealed that he first learned of his award when a former neighbour stopped him on the street to tell him.
"She congratulated me on the news and I said 'oh, what news?" he said.
"She told me her daughter phoned from London to alert her to the fact I had got this prize. I heard more about it obviously when I got home and started reading the messages."
Higgs was awarded jointly for his work on the Higgs boson, the so-called "God particle" which gives matter its mass. Its existence was proved in 2012, 50 years after his work.
"Obviously I'm delighted and rather relieved in a sense that it's all over," Higgs said. "It's been a long time coming."
In a statement released through Edinburgh University, Professor Peter Higgs has said:
I am overwhelmed to receive this award and thank the Royal Swedish Academy.
I would also like to congratulate all those who have contributed to the discovery of this new particle and to thank my family, friends and colleagues for their support.
I hope this recognition of fundamental science will help raise awareness of the value of blue-sky research.
Congratulations to Britain's Professor Peter Higgs, who is sharing this year's #NobelPrize for Physics.
Higgs boson scientists Peter Higgs from the UK and Belgium's Francois Englert have won the 2013 Nobel Prize for Physics.
They were among among several physicists in the 1960's who proposed a mechanism explaining why the Higgs boson particle, the universe's most basic building block, has mass.
The particle was discovered in 2012 Large Hadron Collider in Cern, Swizterland.
– Joe Incandela, CMS spokesperson
The preliminary results with the full 2012 data set are magnificent and to me it is clear that we are dealing with a Higgs boson though we still have a long way to go to know what kind of Higgs boson it is.
Physicists say that they are now confident they have discovered the long-sought Higgs boson.
CERN has said that analysis "strongly indicates" that the new particle found last year is the Higgs boson.
Professor Peter Higgs, the retired British physicist, who is the namesake of the Higgs boson, or so-called "God particle", has been made a Companion of Honour in the New Year Honours list.