Skipper Joe Root was keeping England's hopes alive in pursuit of a national-record run chase to complete an astounding reversal of fortune in Adelaide.
James Anderson's maiden five-wicket haul in Australia, and four from Chris Woakes, helped Root's side bowl their hosts out for 138 on day four to give themselves a highly-improbable victory target of 354 in this inaugural pink-ball Ashes Test.
Following a half-century opening stand, England lost Alastair Cook lbw to Nathan Lyon and Mark Stoneman caught at gully off Mitchell Starc, and then just as the lights were taking effect after dinner, James Vince also edged a drive at the left-armer to slip to leave his team 91 for three.
But Root, having used a review to overturn an lbw dismissal against Lyon on 32, and Dawid Malan were frustrating Australia, whose desperation for a breakthrough saw them lose both reviews in the space of three balls.
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England posted 155 for nine in their World Twenty20 final against the West Indies as Joe Root led the way with a classy half-century at Eden Gardens.
When Darren Sammy won his 10th straight toss he was quick to send England in and promptly saw them lose three quick cheap wickets in the first five overs.
But Root's 54 in 36 balls gave the innings some backbone, with Jos Buttler (36) and David Willey (21) chipping in as wickets tumbled regularly in Kolkata.
The Windies performed their trademark 'champion' dance after a number of dismissals, to Root's apparent distaste as he left the field.
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Joe Root believes Jonny Bairstow can show his ability in the the Ashes after being called up to replace Gary Ballance.
Bairstow is the leading run-scorer in the County Championship, but has previously struggled to perform at international level, something Root thinks he can put right.
It's never easy to come into such a big series - but he's averaging a hundred, with five hundreds under his belt.
He'll be desperate to carry on the great form he's shown this season so far.
Jonny will be so excited and he couldn't be in better form...he'll be determined to emulate that on the highest stage.
Joe Root has leapt into the top-five of the ICC's Test batting rankings for the first time in his career after his man-of-the-match performance in the first Investec Ashes Test win over Australia.
Root's seventh Test century, which he described as his best after the 169-run win, set the game up for England before he followed it with a 60 to help stretch the lead beyond 400.
Those numbers also helped the 24-year-old right-hander move up three places to fourth position on the ICC's Test Batting Rankings as he went past the likes of Kumar Sangakkara and Younus Khan.
Root has a career-best 884 points and is now seven points behind South Africa's Hashim Amla.
Batsman Joe Root is keen for England to carry on with their attacking mentality in The Ashes.
The Yorkshireman struck a hundred in just 118 balls to help England get back into the game against Australia
"It's something we've been trying to work on since the start of the summer," said Root.
"It's an approach we took against New Zealand, and it worked out really nicely.
"Everyone is going to take that approach. You saw it from Lythy [Adam Lyth] at Headingley, and Stokesy who did it again here.
"I'm sure you'll see it throughout our whole batting line-up."
Joe Root was eventually dismissed for 134 on the opening day of the First Test at Cardiff.
The Yorkshireman dominated the Australian bowling attack, as he plundered a century, but caught at first slip by Shane Watson off the bowling of Mitchell Starc.
Joe Root reached his century against Australia in just 118 balls.
The Yorkshireman came in with England on trouble at 43-3, but his attacking mentality has led the team to 203-4.