Thousands of refugees from northern Mali have fled their homes into a desert camp in neighbouring Mauritania where conditions are dire.Read the full story ›
Malian refugees in Mauritania are enduring "deplorable" conditions in the Mbera refugee camp that is causing levels of malnutrition to increase, according to MSF.
The situation in the camp has worsened since the Frence led military intervention in January, according to the medical aid agency.
Conditions at the camp are so bad that many healthy children are getting ill upon arrival and malnutrition rates have more than doubled. MSF said:
"The number of children admitted per week for severe malnutrition has more than doubled, [...] despite the nutritional status of the new refugees being generally good when assessed on arrival in the camp."
The MSF report, Stranded in the Desert, is based on testimony from more than 100 residents of the Mbera camp, near the border with Mali.
Thousands of refugees fleeing the ongoing conflict in Mali are facing appalling living conditions in the Mbera refugee camp in Mauritania, according to medical aid agency Medecines Sans Frontieres (MSF)
The camp, located in a remote, arid region close to the border with Mali is home to 70,000 people who are relying entirely on aid agencies to meet their most basic needs.
Provisions are "far from adequate" with a desperate shortage of toilets and supplies: In January when MSF arrived there were only four latrines for 12,200 people.
The area suffers from a chronic lack of water and refugees are receiving only 11 litre of water a day in 50C heat - 9 litres less than recommended.
Malian officials have been forced to replace the gift of a camel to French President Francois Hollande for his help in confronting Islamist rebels after the first one was eaten.
Mr Hollande was awarded a camel during a visit to the former French colony in February, joking that he would use it back in Paris to escape congestion.
But he apparently learned from his defence minister that the family left to tend his animal in Timbuktu had, in fact, consumed it.
Embarrassed Malian officials quickly pledged to send "a bigger and better-looking camel" to the French capital.
"We are ashamed of what happened to the (first) camel," an official said. "It was a present that did not deserve this fate."
Al-Qaeda's North African wing AQIM has said it killed a French hostage captured in northern Mali two years ago, Mauritania's ANI news agency said today.
It also reportedly said that other French captives were at risk because of France's intervention in Mali.
"All the other hostages are alive," AQIM said in a communique seemingly addressed to the French people, "but we cannot guarantee their survival forever because of the attacks by your army on the mujahideen's bases."
ANI reported earlier this week that an AQIM member said its fighters beheaded another French hostage called Philippe Verdon, who was seized in northern Mali in November.
Mali's army has repulsed an attack by a group of Islamist rebels who slipped past army checkpoints to enter the northern Malian town of Gao, a military official said today.
The Malian army official said government forces had defeated the Islamists after more than two hours of intense fighting. The clashes took place after Gao residents reported a group of Islamists entering their neighbourhood.
No death toll was immediately available.
The Foreign Secretary saw for himself today what's being done to tackle the threat of terrorism in part of North Africa. William Hague visited the Malian capital, Bamako to speak to the Government and military about how to bring stability to the region. Speaking during his visit, Mr Hague said:
The evolving threat from terrorist groups in Mali has necessitated a urgent international response to help the Malians restore their territorial integrity and deny terrorists a safe haven in their country.
I welcomed the Malian Government's agreement of the political roadmap towards elections and a transition to full democratic rule. I promised that the UK would work with partners in the region, the UN and the EU, to help Mali establish effective arrangements for the elections.
Foreign Secretary William Hague is in the African nation of Mali as part of efforts to combat terror and restore security to the country. He is due to meet with the Malian Government and members of the military.
Speaking after arriving in Bamako, Mr Hague said:
My visit, the first by a British Foreign Secretary, underlines the UK's strong commitment to work with international partners to support Mali and countries in the region on countering terrorism and restoring security in the country. Mali is at the heart of a range of complex political, security and development challenges that have the potential to affect the wider region.
It is vital that we work together to tackle these challenges. I look forward to discussing the Malian Government's plans to implement their roadmap towards elections and the restoration of full democratic rule. A more inclusive political process is critical for longer-term stability in Mali. The UK stands with the people of Mali as they seek to secure their country, re-build their livelihoods and resolve long-standing grievances.
Leading al Qaeda commander Mokhtar Belmokhtar, thought to be behind January's hostage crisis in Algeria, has been killed in Mali, according to Chadian forces.
Foreign Secretary William Hague said if confirmed, his death would be a "blow to terrorism".
ITV News' Mark Thatcher reports.
Foreign Secretary William Hague said the death of Mokhtar Belmokhtar would be a “blow to terrorism” but was unable to confirm reports that the al Qaeda commander had been killed in the north of Mali.
He told BBC's Andrew Marr: "It doesn't mean the problems of Mali would be at an end, there's a lot to do to promote a political process in Mali, elections, legitimate government and so on."