Britain's Professor Peter Higgs was today announced as joint-winner of the 2013 Nobel Prize for Physics.
The European Union's three presidents collected the Nobel Peace Prize today in Oslo.
Nobel Prize winner Sir John Gurdon told ITV News he was dissuaded from studying science at Eton by his teacher.
British scientist Peter Higgs received his Nobel Prize from Sweden's King Carl XVI Gustaf in a pompous ceremony at the Stockholm Concert Hall.
The Edinburgh University emeritus professor collected the prestigious award with Francois Englert for their work on the theory of the Higgs boson.
Nobel Prize winning scientist Professor Peter Higgs has revealed plans to retire next year at the age of 85.
Professor Higgs, who travels across the world to give lectures in his role as a emeritus professor at the University of Edinburgh, said:
"I'm proposing to retire at the age of 85 next year. Flying around the world giving lectures is a fairly recent phenomenon because of the build up to this discovery at Cern but for many years I had a quiet time in retirement."
The 84-year-old, who was recognised for his achievements on the theory of the the Higgs Boson particle last week, also revealed that he had turned down a knighthood in 1999.
Speaking to BBC Scotland, the Professor said: ""I got the offer from Tony Blair in November 1999. I would have been included in the millennium honours and I said no thank you.
"I thought anything of that sort was premature and anyway I didn't want that sort of title thank you. I actually didn't want any sort of title."
Malala Yousafzai, who had been favourite to land the Nobel Peace Prize, has issued a statement congratulating the eventual winners and thanking her supporters.
The OPCW (Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons), the body overseeing the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons, earlier landed the prestigious award.
The statement from the Pakistani schoolgirl, who has continued to campaign for education after being shot by the Taliban, read:
The OPCW is an important organisation working on the ground to help rid the world of chemical weapons.
I would like to congratulate them on this much-deserved global recognition.
I would also like to thank the people and media in Pakistan, and those from all over the world, for their support, kindness and prayers.
I will continue to fight for the education for every child, and I hope people will continue to support me in my cause.
US Secretary of State John Kerry has praised the work of the Organisation of the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, who beat favourites Malala Yousafzai to win the Nobel Prize for Peace. In a statement, Mr Kerry said:
"I want to congratulate the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons for winning the Nobel Prize. The world will never forget the loss of the more than 1,000 innocent Syrians senselessly killed with chemical weapons on Aug. 21.
"There could be no more stark reminder why for almost 100 years, the international community has deemed the use of these weapons far beyond the bounds of acceptable conduct.
"Since that horrific attack, the OPCW has taken extraordinary steps and worked with unprecedented speed to address this blatant violation of international norms that shocked the conscience of people around the world."
Nobel Prize-winning scientist Professor Peter Higgs has revealed that he first learned of his award when a former neighbour stopped him on the street to tell him.
"She congratulated me on the news and I said 'oh, what news?" he said.
"She told me her daughter phoned from London to alert her to the fact I had got this prize. I heard more about it obviously when I got home and started reading the messages."
Higgs was awarded jointly for his work on the Higgs boson, the so-called "God particle" which gives matter its mass. Its existence was proved in 2012, 50 years after his work.
"Obviously I'm delighted and rather relieved in a sense that it's all over," Higgs said. "It's been a long time coming."
The body overseeing the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons arsenal have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, the Nobel Committee announced.
The Hague-based OPCW was awarded the accolade for its "overall efforts" to rid the world of chemical weapons.
The group are responsible for implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention, entered into force in 1997. Their website says their role is that of "preventing chemistry from ever being used again for warfare."
Pakistani schoolgirl campaigner Malala Yousafzai and gynaecologist Denis Mukwege of the Democratic Republic of Congo had been tipped as favourites to take the award.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee said it has awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace to the OPCW, as it wants to contribute to the continuation of the elimination of the world's chemical arsenal.
By awarding the OPCW, the Norwegian Nobel Committee seeks to contribute to eliminating chemical weapons. #NobelPeacePrize
OPCW is an independent, autonomous, international organization w a working relationship with United Nations #NobelPeacePrize
Recent events in Syria, ...have underlined the need to enhance efforts to do away with such weapons. #NobelPeacePrize
The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons has won the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize.
Norwegian state broadcaster NRK said the global chemical weapons watchdog, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, the (OPCW), is tipped to win this year's Nobel Peace Prize.
Last year, the state broadcaster correctly leaked that the European Union was the winner.
The OPCW, based in The Hague, is currently working to disarm the forces of Syrian president Assad, following the chemical attack in Damascus on August 21. Here is how they explain what they do.
Norwegian public broadcaster NRK says global chemical weapons watchdog, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is tipped to win this year's Nobel Peace Prize.