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UK's 'billions of barrels of oil' could be tricky to extract

Prospectors have made the biggest oil discovery in the UK in 30 years - and say the true amount sitting underneath the south of England could be an unprecedented tens of billions of barrels.

The substance has been found near Gatwick - but some analysts are sceptical about how much of it can be extracted.

ITV News Science Correspondent Alok Jha reports:


Greenpeace: More than enough oil to 'fry the planet'

To gleefully rub your hands at a new fossil fuel discovery you need to turn the clock back to the 19th century and ignore everything we have learnt about climate change since.

We already have more than enough coal, oil and gas reserves to fry the planet. Dotting the English countryside with drilling rigs and pipelines to squeeze the last drop of oil out of Britain doesn't make any sense.

It's time we uncoupled our economy from the dangerous rollercoaster of fossil fuels and invested in the clean technologies that can provide safe and cheap energy for decades to come.

– Greenpeace UK chief scientist Dr Doug Parr

UKOG Chairman: Weald Basin 'is like a big sponge'

David Lenigas, Chairman of UK Oil & Gas Investments, has spoken to ITV News about the firm’s discovery of oil reserves near Gatwick Airport.

He told Business Editor Joel Hills: "It’s a very significant discovery, 158 million barrels a square mile. The Weald Basin itself is 1,100 square miles, we’ve got 55 square miles and its pervasive.

“It’s like a big sponge, 1,500 ft thick with vast amounts of oil in it with three big limestones that you can effectively suck the oil out of the sponge. It’s a great find. There’s a lot more work to be done to bring it into proper production but eventually this will be a very key part of Britain’s strategic energy resource.

When asked about the vast difference in the oil potential projections of UKOG and the British Geological Survey for the area - who estimated between shale oil resources of 2.2-8.5 billion barrels - Mr Lenigas said people should believe the "last well that was drilled..(which was his company's) because drill holes don't lie."

Oil reserves site near Gatwick subject to 'ongoing analysis'

UK Oil & Gas Investments has published a report providing further details of its discovery of reserves which could contain as much as 158 million barrels of oil.

The "significant" discovery at a well in Horse Hill in the Weald Basin near Gatwick Airport is subject to ongoing analysis to determine the "regional potential of the Weald Basin".

The UK Oil & Gas Investments site in the Weald Basin near Horley, West Sussex Credit: PA Wire

'Significant' oil reserves found near Gatwick Airport

Britain could see a significant increase in oil production after a geologists discovered reserves which could be as much as 100 billion barrels near Gatwick Airport.

The discovery at the Weald Basin by exploration firm UK Oil & Gas Investments (UKOG) is a "possible world class potential resource," the company said.

The exploration centred on Horse Hill (green marker) near Gatwick Airport (red marker). Credit: Google Maps

Geologists found 158 million barrels per square mile and it is estimated up to 15% could be recovered.

In 15 years the site could provide up to 30% of the UK's oil demand.

The company considers that the high pay thickness, combined with interpreted naturally fractured limestone reservoir with measurable matrix permeability, gives strong encouragement that these reservoirs can be successfully produced using conventional horizontal drilling and completion techniques.

Appraisal drilling and well testing will be required to prove its commerciality, but this Weald hybrid play has the potential for significant daily oil production.

– Stephen Sanderson, UKOG


Shell to buy BG Group in £47 billion deal

Oil giant Royal Dutch Shell is to buy exploration firm BG Group in a deal valuing the British business at about £47 billion.

The companies unveiled details of the huge merger, the biggest in the industry for several years, in a statement to the London stock exchange.

Shell to buy BG Group in £47 billion deal Credit: Anna Gowthorpe/PA Wire

The swoop by the Anglo-Dutch company comes as the oil industry looks to become more efficient and reduce costs in the face of falling energy prices. BG Group, which employs about 5,200 staff in 24 countries, was created in 1997 when British Gas demerged into two separately-listed companies.

Oil and gas industry issue stark crisis warning

The UK oil and gas industry says it has suffered its worst losses in decades and is facing a bleak future.

Falling oil prices and rising costs meant the sector spent billions more than it earned in sales last year and now it is calling on the government to help.

ITV News Reporter Sejal Karia has more:

Big British oil companies report large profit falls

Two British oil companies have posted huge drops in profit for 2014 compared with the year before.

BP reported a 20% drop in underlying profit for the fourth quarter of 2014, dropping to $2,239 million, compared with $2,809 million for the same period in 2013.

Big British oil companies report large profit falls Credit: Nick Ansell/PA Wire

BP said the fall in profits was due to tumbling value of oil, with chief executive Bob Dudley saying: "We have now entered a new and challenging phase of low oil prices through the near and medium term."

Britain's third-biggest energy company BG Group full-year total operating profit fell 14% year on year to $6.5 billion, while earnings slipped 8% to $4 billion.

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