The Welsh Assembly has voted for a change in the law to try and save the lives of those who die while they wait for a transplant organ.
As Wales votes on changes to organ donation, ITV News speaks to those for and against the changes.
Vincenzo has been transformed from a patient so sick he could not wash his face to a man who strides confidently with a gleam in his eye.
My heart goes out to all the families that find themselves in the position where they have to make a decision about organ donation.
In particular, the decision to donate on behalf of a young child is really tough. But organ donation saves lives and donor families talk with pride of the difficult but ultimately rewarding decision to donate their loved one's organs. Knowing that they have helped save another family from a terrible experience, often helps them deal with their grief.
– Sally Johnson, Director of Organ Donation and Transplantation at NHS Blood and Transplant
There are around 10,000 people in the UK in need of a transplant and some of these are young children. In order to save more lives, we need more people to join the organ donor register.
A five-week-old baby has become the youngest organ donor in Britain according to a report in the Sunday Times.
The child died earlier this year from heart failure and their kidneys were transplanted to 22-year-old Samira Kauser.
The paper claims that younger donors are being sought due to the shortage of adult organ donors.
A Midlands doctor is calling for a radical approach to increase the number of black and Asian people donating their organs.
According to Dr Adnan Sharif, a kidney consultant at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, the UK should consider a scheme where priority for surgery is given to people already on the organ donor register.
He says there has been a 'huge failure' to boost organ donation rates among Asian and other ethnic minority groups.
– Dr Adnan Sharif, a kidney consultant at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham
Relatives of non-white people are also less likely than white people to give consent for organ donation from loved ones who have died in appropriate circumstances for donation.
Simply pushing for more registrants on the organ donor register is not the solution because only a third of eventual donors are actually registered at the time of their death.
A new approach should be to tackle the elephant in the room: the problem of apathy or so called free riders - people who are happy to receive an organ but not to donate.
There has been a "huge failure" to boost organ donation rates among black, Asian and other ethnic minority groups, an expert has said.
The UK should now consider a scheme where priority for surgery is given to people already on the organ donor register, according to Dr Adnan Sharif, a kidney consultant at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham.
Figures show that ethnic minorities make up 10.8% of the UK population yet represent 24% of the organ waiting list.
Just 4.2% of organ donors are from minority ethnic backgrounds and there are only around 118,000 people registered from these backgrounds to give an organ after their death, Dr Sharif wrote online in the British Medical Journal (BMJ).
The number of organ transplants carried out in the UK has reached a record high, figures show.
Vincenzo Avanzato spent 13 weeks on an urgent list awaiting an organ. To help pass the time he sang Italian arias daily, even while being wheeled to the operating theatre for his transplant last Christmas.
In July, ITV News' Medical Editor Lawrence McGinty spoke to Matthew Green who is looking to the future now his artificial heart implant has been replaced with a donated human one.
Family refusal is the biggest obstacle to increasing the number of organs donated on the NHS every year, a health chief said.
Despite a record year for organ transplants, patients are still dying because potential candidates for donation are not registering.
– Sally Johnson, NHSBT's director of organ donation and transplantation
These donations ensured that for the eighth year in succession, the number of people benefiting from an organ transplant increased.
But although we have seen year-on-year increases in activity, the UK can and must do more to save and improve lives through organ donation and transplantation, and family refusal is now our biggest problem.
An organ donation expert has expressed his joy at the record high number of transplant operations carried out in the UK during 2012-13.
– Professor Anthony Warrens, president of the British Transplantation Society
It is very gratifying to note that we have performed over 4,000 transplants in 2012/13 for the first time ever in a single year.
This builds on the sustained effort of many people to successfully achieve the target of a 50 percent increase in deceased donors in five years set by the Organ Donation Taskforce.
Thousands of people remain on the waiting list, with around three a day dying while waiting for an organ, according to NHS Blood and Transplant.
- At the end of March, there were 7,332 patients waiting for a transplant.
- A further 3,030 temporarily suspended from transplant lists for reasons including being too ill to undergo an operation.
- 466 patients died while on the active waiting list for a transplant.
- Although the vast majority of living organ donors gave a kidney, 33 donated part of their liver, the report said.
- The number of corneas donated in 2012/13 was 6,390 - a 9 percent rise on last year.
- More than four out of 10 families approached about organ donation last year refused to donate.