If it gets the go-ahead, the tidal lagoon energy project in Swansea Bay could be the first of a series of five developments around the UK coast which could generate as much as 10% of the UK's electricity by 2023.
Tidal Lagoon Power, the company behind the project, said it was hoping that 65% of expenditure would be in the UK, boosting a homegrown supply chain and a possible future export market. The company has produced a video to explain the scheme:
The project includes creating a 10km sea reef, the reintroduction of the native oyster to Swansea Bay, an offshore visitor centre and national triathlon and water sports facilities.
According to the developers, research as part of the project's initial stages found that 86% of local residents were in favour of the scheme. The Swansea Bay project would save 236,000 tonnes of carbon a year and create 1,850 construction jobs.
Plans have been submitted to develop the world's first tidal lagoon energy project in the UK, which would provide renewable power for 120,000 homes for 120 years.
The developers of the £750-850 million project in Swansea Bay say their application is the first step to developing lagoon technology that could meet 10% of the UK's electricity needs from the tides.
The scheme would involve a six-mile (9.5km) wall built around Swansea Bay, creating a lagoon in the Severn Estuary with turbines that can harness the incoming and outgoing tides to generate power 14 hours a day.
Energy Secretary Ed Davey has said that the decision to reduce subsidies was driven by the falling costs of generating onshore and solar energy, and not political pressure.
He told ITV News: "Because of our investments in renewable energy, we are seeing the costs fall ... It means we can still develop onshore wind, still develop solar, but it means we can also bring on some of the technologies for the next decade like offshore wind".
Rural wind farms have been a source of coalition tension, with many senior Conservatives staunchly opposed to the turbines, which Liberal Democrats say are needed to meet environmental objectives.
Danny Alexander has insisted that onshore wind energy will continue to play "a big role" in the UK, despite the decision to reduce Government subsidies in this area.
The Liberal Democrat Chief Secretary to the Treasury said state help for onshore wind and solar was being reduced "slightly" in favour of offshore wind.
But he told BBC Radio 4's Today programme that the move would present better "value for money" and could open the way for an extra 10 gigawatts of energy by 2020.
The "strike prices" for renewable energy - the amount of subsidy the taxpayer pays to entice investors to make long-term commitments - is already set well above the current market value, but will be slightly lower for onshore wind and solar.