The United Nations has warned that the war in Syria is doing lasting damage to an entire generation of children.
Dramatic video appears to capture the moment a shell lands near a group of children on the outskirts of Damascus.
Actor Michael Sheen has spent time with Syrian refugees at a large camp in Lebanon but warns that cold weather presents a real threat.
More polio cases have been confirmed in two new areas of Syria, including near Damascus and in northern Aleppo, near Turkey, according to the World Health Organisation. The incurable virus was confirmed this month in 13 children who became paralysed.
WHO says polio is expected to spread after a drop in vaccination rates due to the war.
Air strikes around the northern Syrian city of Aleppo have killed at least 40 people, most of them civilians, the Syrian Observatory of Human Rights told Reuters.
The pro-opposition monitoring group said there were at least six strikes on the outskirts of Aleppo and nearby towns. Dozens of people were wounded, it said.
"Some of the strikes in the neighbourhood of Tareeq al-Bab appeared to be targeting rebel headquarters but instead the rockets fell in a busy street and caused heavy civilian casualties," Rami Abdelrahman, head of the Observatory, said.
Islamist rebel battalions led by al-Qaeda-linked fighters have seized the largest oil field in eastern Syria, activists said.
Such a move would cut off President Bashar al-Assad's access to almost all local crude reserves leaving his forces reliant on imported oil.
There was no immediate comment from the government.
Activists linked to the Nusra Front said its fighters stormed and captured the field, as well as several tanks and a weapons cache.
A young British man thought to have died fighting with rebel soldiers in Syria has been captured on film obtained by ITV News.
Known as Abu Hajama al-Britani, the man is seen firing a gun into the air with rebel fighters and discussing battle plans. He is thought to be part of a growing band of Britons fighting and dying the bloody conflict. UK Editor Lucy Manning reports.
ITV News has obtained video footage of a British fighter, believed to have been killed in Syria, discussing going into battle with rebel fighters.
Known as Abu Hajama al-Britani, the young man is filmed inside a car and speaks directly to camera, explaining what the group plan to do.
"If the plan is good we are going in [...] If it is good to go in, we go in. If it is good for us to come home, we come home. Allah has plans for us. "
ITV News has obtained pictures of another young British man who is believed to have died fighting for the Syrian rebels.
Known as Abu Hajama al-Britani, he is is believed to be part of an increasing trend of young Britons going to fight in the civil war.
It is thought as many as 20 Britons have died in the conflict, fighting for al-Qaeda linked rebel groups against the Assad regime.
A young British Muslim died in the Idlib province in north-western Syria, in August this year, the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR) said.
Mohammed El-Araj, from Ladbrook Grove in London, died on August 13.
In 2009, Araj was convicted and imprisoned for violently protesting outside the Israeli embassy in London.
He successfully appealed his jail sentence and got it reduced to 18 months - he was 20 at the time of his appeal, which means he was around 23 at the time of his death, Shiraz Maher, Senior Fellow at the ICSR said.
A British man has been killed fighting with rebel forces in Syria against the regime of Bashar al-Assad, the Guardian reports.
Mohammed el-Araj, a Muslim man in his early twenties, was killed in Syria in mid-August, his family said.
Araj, from Ladbroke Grove, West London, was born on a British airways flight and grew up in the UK, his family told the Guardian.
If confirmed, he will be the second Briton to be named and confirmed dead whilst fighting in Syria.