Power generated from fossil fuels should be phased out completely by 2100 a new report has warned.
The United Nations climate body published the final report of its latest assessment on the science of climate change, drawing together three studies published in the past year.
In the majority of low?concentration stabilization scenarios, the share of low?carbon electricity supply (comprising renewable energy (RE), nuclear and Carbon Capture Schemes (CCS), including BECCS) increases from the current share of approximately 30% to more than 80% by 2050, and fossil fuel power generation without CCS is phased out almost entirely by 2100.
The report comes as efforts build towards securing a new global treaty on climate change, which it is hoped can be agreed in Paris at the end of next year, and it said that international co-operation was "critical" for effective efforts to tackle the problem.
Kofi Annan has said that developed countries had failed to respond to the crisis until it reached their shores.
The former UN secretary general told the BBC's Newsnight:
I am bitterly disappointed by the response. I am disappointed in the international community for not moving faster. In this world we are in it together.
If the crisis had hit some other region it probably would have been handled very differently. In fact when you look at the evolution of the crisis, the international community really woke up when the disease got to America and Europe. And yet we should have known that in this interconnected world it was only a matter of time.
I point the finger of blame at the governments with capacity ... I think there's enough blame to go around. The African countries in the region could have done a bit more, they could have asked for help much faster and the international community could have organised ourselves in a much better way to offer assistance. We didn't need to take months to do what we are doing today.
Victoria Beckham was the new face on the United Nations stage in New York today.
The pop star turned UN goodwill ambassador talked about the plight of babies born with the HIV virus in South Africa.
ITV News' Rebecca Barry reports:
British actress Emma Watson called for more feminists in society and called upon men to promote gender equality in a speech at the weekend.Read the full story ›
A United Nation human rights official has said that the actual number of people killed in the conflict in eastern Ukraine "may be significantly higher" than previously reported.
Politicians should not act as "cheerleaders" for the intelligence and security services, according to former Liberal Democrat leader Lord Ashdown.
Writing in The Observer newspaper he said the Conservative Party had used the decision to raise the terror threat level "to tell us how frightened we should be and why this required a range of new powers for them to exercise".
He added that the new range of executive powers "could endanger our liberties."
He said: "Of course, in these circumstances, the police and the security services will lead the clamour for more powers. They are charged by us to maintain our safety."
He added: "But it is the job of politicians to act, not as cheerleaders for those demands, but as jealous protectors of our liberties who measure any demand for their reduction against necessity, supported by evidence."
Islamist militants have reinforced the siege against 40 Filipino peacekeepers trapped in Syria's Golan Heights, according to diplomatic sources at the United Nations.
More than 20 vehicles carrying armed fighters were seen approaching the region which has been demilitarized and monitored by the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force since Israel and Syria signed an armistice in 1974.
Earlier, nearly three dozen peacekeepers who were trapped by militants in the Golan Heights were successfully extracted, according to UN officials.
Nearly three dozen United Nations peacekeepers who were trapped by militants in the Golan Heights have been successfully extracted, according to UN officials.
Officials in the Philippines have said all 72 of the trapped Filipino peacekeepers were safe.
Another 44 Fijian peacekeepers have been detained by militants nearby since Thursday.
Michael Foley fondly recalls his "selfless" brother James and urges more support for independent journalists recording from conflict zones.Read the full story ›
The brother of murdered journalist James Foley has urged the US Government and its allies to do more to secure the safety of fellow American journalist and Islamic State hostage Steven Sotloff.
Speaking to Good Morning Britain, Michael Foley said, "I don't have all the answers but what I can say is that I urge the US Government, our partners and our allies to do everything they can and to treat this with the utmost sense of urgency because there [are] things that can be done."
"Certainly we don't have complete control over the situation, but I just want to make sure for Stephen's family and for others that we are doing everything possible."