The UK Independence Party has called the cut to onshore subsidies a "political stunt" to buy off voters opposed to turbines "despoiling the British countryside".
Energy spokesman Roger Helmer said the change "fails to address the real argument which is the nonsensical and frankly dangerous energy policy this Government is forcing upon UK taxpayers".
He said the taxpayer would still have to fund "this wasteful and downright ridiculous technology to be built out of sight".
An industry body representing the renewable energy sector has said that Government changes to subsidies are good news:
Energy Secretary Ed Davey has said that the decision to reduce subsidies was driven by the falling costs of generating onshore and solar energy, and not political pressure.
He told ITV News: "Because of our investments in renewable energy, we are seeing the costs fall ... It means we can still develop onshore wind, still develop solar, but it means we can also bring on some of the technologies for the next decade like offshore wind".
Rural wind farms have been a source of coalition tension, with many senior Conservatives staunchly opposed to the turbines, which Liberal Democrats say are needed to meet environmental objectives.
The UK currently has roughly four wind turbines on land for each one at sea, according to the trade association Renewable UK:
- Offshore wind power - 1,075 turbines (3,653 MW capacity)
- Onshore wind power - 4,175 turbines (6,772 MW capacity)
Danny Alexander has insisted that onshore wind energy will continue to play "a big role" in the UK, despite the decision to reduce Government subsidies in this area.
The Liberal Democrat Chief Secretary to the Treasury said state help for onshore wind and solar was being reduced "slightly" in favour of offshore wind.
But he told BBC Radio 4's Today programme that the move would present better "value for money" and could open the way for an extra 10 gigawatts of energy by 2020.
The "strike prices" for renewable energy - the amount of subsidy the taxpayer pays to entice investors to make long-term commitments - is already set well above the current market value, but will be slightly lower for onshore wind and solar.
WWF-UK has warned the government that it should be careful not to "stifle" the onshore wind industry just to silence a "vocal minority".
Nick Molho, the head of climate and energy policy at WWF-UK, said:
A Conservative MP said the government's new proposals on wind farms that would allow communities to stop them being built in their area marked "the beginning of the end" of unwanted onshore turbines.
Chris Heaton-Harris, MP for Daventry, said the views of local residents and councils had been "ridden roughshod over" for too long and welcomed the rules.
RenewableUK, an energy trade association, said the government's proposals of giving communities a financial "sweetener" for having wind farms in their area was "uneconomic."
The government has announced a raft of new proposals that gives communities the chance to stop wind farms being built in their area.
Here is a look at how important wind turbines are for the UK's energy supply:
- Onshore wind provided 3% of the UK's electricity supplies in 2011.
- That generated enough power for the equivalent of 2.5 million homes.
- More than 4,000 wind turbines are in operation across the country.
- Almost 6,000 are under or awaiting construction or in the planning system.
- The industry attracted £1.6 billion in private investment in 2011/2012.
- It supports approximately 1,800 jobs.
Energy Secretary Ed Davey said the government's wind farm proposals aimed to ensure that communities would "see the windfall" of hosting developments in their area.
He said: "It is important that onshore wind is developed in a way that is truly sustainable - economically, environmentally and socially, and today's announcement will ensure that communities see the windfall from hosting developments near to them, not just the wind farm.
"We remain committed to the deployment of appropriately sited onshore wind, as a key part of a diverse, low carbon and secure energy mix and committed to an evidence-based approach to supporting low carbon power."