Secret files reveal drunken meeting between Stalin and Churchill, a cross-dressing spy and King Edward VIII's phone bug.
The wartime leader will become the first politician of the modern era to feature on a banknote.
A brief history of the military and political life of Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill.
Prime Minister David Cameron said has he was saddened to learn of the death of Mary Soames.
– David Cameron
I am saddened to hear that Mary Soames, Winston Churchill's last surviving child, has died. She was a wonderful, warm hearted woman who could always put others at ease.
She was very kind to Samantha and me and we felt privileged to know her.
In the week of the 70th anniversary of D-Day, we remember that she served her country in World War II and was an eye-witness to some of the most important moments in our recent history as she accompanied her father to key conferences
.My thoughts are with her family, who can take pride in her distinguished life.
Lady Soames, the last surviving child of Sir Winston Churchill, has died aged 91
Mary Soames died peacefully at home yesterday evening surrounded by her family, following a short illness, her family said.
She was the youngest of the wartime Prime Minister and his wife Clementine's children.
One of her sons, Conservative MP Nicholas Soames, said, "She was a truly remarkable and extraordinary woman, who led a very distinguished life."
The Who's Roger Daltrey performed Stand by Me to a gathering of Senate and House leaders today as Washington honoured Winston Churchill.
The British star was chosen to sing at the unveiling of a bust of the wartime British Prime Minister, which will now stand in the Capitol as a testament to the strength of the relationship between the US and the UK.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD) has announced it is to sell the Old War Office building in Whitehall.
It is hoped moving MoD staff in to a single main building will save £8 million a year.
Defence Secretary Philip Hammond said: “As a result of our work to make the MOD leaner, more professional and more efficient, we are able to concentrate Defence officials in London in a single building and sell the Old War Office.”
The Old Ward Office was built in 1902 and played a crucial role in the major conflicts of the 20th century and housed numerous Secretaries of State, including Sir Winston Churchill.
Earlier this month the MoD put an old Tube station up for sale.
The new Bank of England Governor has said he is to review the lack of female faces on the back of banknotes after his predecessor's decision to replace the only woman, 19th century prison reformer Elizabeth Fry, on the £5 note with that of Sir Winston Churchill.
Replying to a letter from Mary Macleod, the Conservative MP and chair of the all-party group of women in Parliament, Mark Carney said he "fully understood the concern that has been raised by you, and many others, about the potential absence of a female character."
He added: "I believe that our notes should celebrate the diversity of great British historical figures and their contributions in a wide range of fields."
Mr Carney, who succeeded Lord King two days ago, revealed it will be discussed at the next BoE meeting on 17th July, with a public announcement on the issue before the end of the month.
Edward VIII was bugged by the government during his final days as King, according to official files made public.
Home Secretary Sir John Simon instructed the General Post Office to secretly record the King's telephone calls during the 1936 abdication crisis, papers held in the Cabinet Office for more than seven decades showed.
Wallis Simpson, the King's divorced American mistress, was in France while calls between royal residences and "the continent of Europe" were recorded.
In November 1936, Edward, who had yet to be crowned, told Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin he intended to marry Mrs Simpson. At that time the Church would not remarry a divorcee when their previous partner was still alive.
The King had hoped to survive the crisis but on December 10 1936 he signed the instruments of abdication ending a reign that lasted only 326 days.
Executive Director, Banking & Chief Cashier Chris Salmon discusses why the Bank chose Winston Churchill.
He said: “The Bank is privileged to be able to celebrate the significant and enduring contribution Sir Winston Churchill made to the United Kingdom, and beyond.”