The Church of England could decide as early as July whether to appoint women bishops, but pockets of opposition remain.
Today the Church of England Synod is meeting to debate a crucial vote which, if supported, could see women Bishops in England by Christmas.
Today's vote to allow women bishops in Wales will have implications for the Church of England, which is now in a minority in the UK.
The Archbishop of Canterbury will issue a plea today for the Church of England to "challenge fear" within its ranks as new legislation to introduce women bishops looks on course to gain approval later this year.
The Most Rev Justin Welby is due to say that there needs to be a "cultural change" in the life of the Church to build love and trust between opposing groups.
"We have agreed and God willing we follow this through over the next few months until it is part of an agreed measure, that we will ordain women as bishops," he will say in his presidential address to the General Synod.
"At the same time we have agreed that while doing that, we want all parts of the Church to flourish. If we are to challenge fear we have to find a cultural change in the life of the Church, in the way our groups and parties work, sufficient to build love and trust."
Females priests have welcomed fast-track legislation which could see women bishops selected in the Church of England by the end of the year.
358 for 39 against 9 abstentions - carried. Well done #synod!
358 in favour, 39 against, 9 abstentions. This means there will be a final debate and vote on WOMEN BISHOPS this JULY #yay
Legislation which could see the first female bishop in the Church of England selected before the end of this year has been hailed as a step towards the "Promised Land".
A move to halve the consultation period was backed by 358 General Synod members, with 39 voting against and nine abstaining.
Lois Haslam, a member from Chester diocese, speaking in the debate over the legislation, said: "I feel something like what Moses must have felt as he approached the promised land.
"We have wandered round women bishops legislation for many, many years, we are now approaching the promised land and it is exciting."
The General Synod has backed legislation which could see the first female bishop in the Church of England selected before the end of this year.
The move to halve the consultation period was backed by 358 members, with 39 voting against and nine abstaining.
The Church decides changes "as a family", which is why the debate of women bishops had been raging for 20 years, Rev Sally Hitchiner told Daybreak.
"The problem is that we are not business. We can't just decide things because it is best for our brand," said the Anglican priest.
"We have to decide things as a family, and as a family we have to make sure no one gets left out. So, that's why it has taken this really long process.
"It is quite embarrassing - most of my friends outside the Church think we're quite bonkers. In this day and age why are still there things women cannot do in the UK?"
The first woman bishop in the UK and Ireland has been installed by the Anglican Church.
The Rev Pat Storey, 53, former rector of St Augustine's in Derry, made history when she was chosen by the Church of Ireland as the new Bishop of Meath and Kildare.
The married mother of two was ordained at Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin during a service led by the Archbishop of Dublin, The Most Rev Dr Michael Jackson.
The Anglican church has appointed Rev Pat Storey as the UK and Ireland's first woman bishop. The rector of St Augustine's in Derry, has been elected by the Church of Ireland as the new Bishop of Meath and Kildare.
The married mother of two, who grew up in Belfast, said she was both "excited and daunted" by the historic appointment.
"I have had an extraordinarily happy experience in St Augustine's and in this wonderful city, which I will be sad to leave," she said.
Female bishops in England are "only a matter of time" and it would be "nonsensical" to prevent them, a vocal campaigner for women in the church has said.
Reverend Jody Stowell was very respectful of opponents to women bishops in the church, saying, "I think people who are opposed are more just concerned about what is the right thing to do."