Shadow home secretary Yvette Cooper will warn the Government it must not "bury its head in the sand" as she calls for reforms to keep up with ever-evolving cyber-crime.
In a speech to the Demos think tank, Ms Cooper will call for a new national strategy for tackling online fraud, tougher action to tackle online child pornography and an overhaul of parliament's Intelligence and Security Committee, which keeps a check on the work of the intelligence agencies.
"The oversight and legal frameworks are now out of date. That means we need major reforms to oversight and a thorough review of the legal framework to keep up with changing technology," she is expected to say.
"Above all we need the Government to engage in a serious public debate about these new challenges and the reforms that are needed."
Labour wants new powers for police and security services to crackdown on cyber-crimes such as child pornography and terrorism, but only with extra checks on how crime agencies are using sensitive data, the shadow home secretary is set to say.
Technological developments have sparked a wave of new types of crime and a 30% hike in recorded online fraud is just the "tip of the iceberg", Yvette Cooper will warn.
But fears about abuse of information in the wake of leaks by ex-US National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden, which revealed widespread spying by Government listening post GCHQ, means new safeguards are needed to protect privacy.
Much stricter controls over access to private data must be introduced to give the public confidence amid fears about the way information can currently be accessed and used, she is expected to say.
Shadow home secretary Yvette Cooper has slammed the Government's immigration bill as a "car crash", accusing David Cameron and Theresa May of being scared of their own backbenchers.
Ms Cooper, who said she sympathised with the amendment, said ministers "sat on their hands" instead of voting against Mr Raab's amendment because they were worried about their backbenchers.
The Labour MP accused the Home Secretary of acting in the interests of the Conservative Party rather than in the interests of the country and suggested she had lost control of her own policy.
"I have to say the Immigration Bill has been a complete car crash for the Home Secretary. She and the Prime Minister launched this as their flagship Bill," Ms Cooper said.
"This was the pride and joy of their legislation and yet they have been hiding it away for months. We have had months when the Immigration Bill was nowhere to be seen, when they wouldn't bring it back because they were so scared of their own backbenchers."
Shadow home secretary Yvette Cooper said the actions of PC Keith Wallis, who has pleaded guilty to misconduct in public office in relation to the "plebgate" affair, risks "casting a shadow over the excellent work police officers do day in, day out".
For a police officer to make up evidence in any case is an extremely serious offence which jeopardises justice and undermines confidence in the important work police do. Police officers uphold the law, and their evidence must be trusted in court.
Democracy depends on the idea that everyone can rely on the police to treat them with honesty and fairness, without fear or favour - from Cabinet ministers to teenagers in the street or victims of crime.
So it is of great concern when those we trust fall below the standards the police and the public expect.
Andrew Mitchell has had to wait far too long for the results of all these investigations. The remaining misconduct inquiries must be pursued swiftly.
We should be rightly proud of our humanitarian aid effort and the generosity of the British people.
But we should also do our part, alongside other countries within the UN's programme, to provide a safe haven for some of the most vulnerable Syrian refugees fleeing this murderous conflict.
The British Government cannot turn its back on these people. It is our moral duty to respond to the UN's call for help for Syrian refugees - just as our country has helped those fleeing persecution for hundreds of years.
Labour has urged the Government to take in hundreds of Syrian refugees fleeing the fighting which has ravaged the Middle Eastern country for three years.
The United Nations called on the international community to offer both humanitarian aid for refugees and resettlement opportunities outside the country.
Shadow home secretary Yvette Cooper is urging the Government to accept 400-500 Syrians, including torture victims, women and girls at high risk and people with family links to the UK.
But ministers insist that Britain can best help by providing funds to assist those affected by the long-running civil war both inside Syria and in neighbouring states like Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and Iraq.
Ms Cooper said that Britain should join some 16 nations, including the USA, France and Germany, which have agreed to allow a total of more than 10,000 Syrians to move to their countries.
This was a vile and sickening attack on an unarmed and innocent man on the streets of London and our thoughts remain with the family, friends and colleagues of Lee Rigby on a day when his murderers have been found guilty ...
The message from this court case, from the community in Woolwich and from us all is that acts of barbaric cruelty will do nothing to diminish our resolve to stand up to extremism in all its forms.
The local community, and people across the country, have refused to allow murderers and extremists to divide us.
– Yvette Cooper, Labour's Shadow Home Secretary Yvette Cooper