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The devastation caused by terror attacks on trains could be lessened in future because of research carried out by experts at Newcastle University.
After studying the affects of a bomb blast on a normal train carriage researchers have come up with some simple and cheap changes to improve safety.
It could dramatically improve the chances of surviving an attack like the 7/7 London Bombings.
You can watch the full report from Julia Barthram below.
Researchers at Newcastle University have found ways to lesson the impact of bombings on trains. The 7/7 London bombings in which 52 passengers died and the Madrid bombing in 2004, where 191 people were killed, show how terrorists can target the rail network with deadly affect.
Researchers modified a train carriage to make it withstand a bomb blast better. A cheap plastic coating was put on the glass windows, roof panels, speakers and lights were tethered in place to stop them flying through the carriage.
British engineers are researching bomb-proof train carriages to prevent a repeat of the carnage left by the London Underground terrorist attacks.
Blast-resilient rolling stock has been developed by the EU-funded SecureMetro project, which was launched three years ago.
The project was created to test designs for Tube and overground carriages that minimise injury and death, if a bomb attack was to take place.
Focusing on containing the blast impact, and reducing levels of debris, the research involved a controlled explosion on a decommissioned Tube carriage.
Tests were carried out by the team at Newcastle University's School of Mechanical and Systems Engineering.
Engineers from Newcastle have been developing blast-resilient train carriages to minimise the impact that a terror attack might have to the public and emergency services.
A team of engineers from Newcastle University could be advising rail industry chiefs on the best design approach for bomb-proof trains.
Conor O'Neill, who led the research has admitted that replacing the current trains 'isn't an option'.
He said: "What we've shown is that companies could make some relatively cost-effective and simple modifications that would significantly improve the outcome of an attack."
A team of engineers have been experimenting with controlled explosions to understand the impact a bomb has on a train carriage.
New technology has been developed, along with materials which could be fitted into existing carriages, to limit the fallout of a terror attack on train and tube carriages.
- Controlled explosions were carried out on a decommissioned Tube carriage
- High speed cameras slowed down the blast, allowing the impact to be analysed in detail
- A similar test was carried out on a carriage specially built to reduce the damage caused by a bomb detonating inside it
- Blast-protection measures included tethering down ceiling panels, plastic coatings on windows, and the use of lighter energy-absorbing materials
- Engineers investigated dividing carriages with materials that soak up energy and reduce the impact of a blast wave
Researchers at Newcastle University have released this footage of controlled explosions in London Underground carriages.
The first explosion shows a decommissioned carriage similar to that targeted by terrorists on the London Underground in 2005.
The second explosion is on a prototype carriage that has been redesigned by engineers to provide better protection for passengers.
Newcastle University has developed a range of blast-resistant trains to reduce the deadly impact of terror attacks on public transport. Experts studied the devastation caused in the Madrid and London bombings to come up with designs, which reduce debris and contain expolosive shock waves.
A team of rail engineers at Newcastle University has devised cheap and simple ways of reducing the deadly impact of terror attacks on trains and metros.
The engineers studied the devastation caused by similar bombings like the Madrid and London 7/7 bombings.
They have developed a range of blast-resistant designs, looking particularly at reducing debris and containing explosive shock waves.