The Bishop of Durham, Justin Welby, has called the rejection of women bishops a "very grim day".
The ordination of women bishops in the Church of England was narrowly rejected by its ruling general synod on Tuesday.
The Rt Rev Justin Welby, who will be come the Archbishop of Canterbury next year, has always expressed his support for women bishops.
The vote needed to gain gain two-thirds majority support in each of the synod's three houses - bishops, clergy and laity - but fell short by six votes in the House of Laity.
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