Middlesbrough has been named as the worst area in the country for the number of children who are ill prepared for starting school.
The town led in the Ofsted findings, with South Tyneside emerging second.
The report from the Policy Exchange found parents living in the most deprived parts of the country receive the poorest childcare, leaving youngstest ill equipped for full-time education.
The report says that the gap between childcare in rich and poor areas needs to be reduced.
More top news
Many areas dry over the next few days with variable cloud and cooler airflow
A dry day with bright or sunny spells. Rain comes through overnight into Sunday morning, before drier yet fresher weather develops
A look ahead at the forecast for the Tyne Tees region.