Middlesbrough has been named as the worst area in the country for the number of children who are ill prepared for starting school.
The town led in the Ofsted findings, with South Tyneside emerging second.
The report from the Policy Exchange found parents living in the most deprived parts of the country receive the poorest childcare, leaving youngstest ill equipped for full-time education.
The report says that the gap between childcare in rich and poor areas needs to be reduced.
More top news
A Middlesbrough teacher who was caught with indecent images of children and extreme animal pornography has been put behind bars.
Police were called to reports of a disturbance inside the Prince Edward pub on Wednesday night.
Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust has been rated as 'outstanding' by the Care Quality Commission.