On the third day of the inquest into the death of Pc David Rathband, Coroner Eric Armstrong urged nobody involved in the hearing to blame themselves.
"The circumstances of his injuries (inflicted by Moat) are well-known.
"It is difficult, if not impossible, not to view the infliction of those injuries as the first step in a series which culminated in his death."
The inquest heard Mr Rathband, 44, had made threats to kill himself and had said he attempted to hang himself but could not go through with it. He was found hanging at his home in Blyth, Northumberland, on February 29 2012, 20 months after being shot and blinded by Raoul Moat.
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Icy first thing and windy, with wintry showers lingering further south, especially at the coast. Brighter elsehwere
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Longest spell of winter so far. Bitterly cold with further wintry showers