What is fracking?

As fracking, and the controversy which surrounds it, moves a step closer to the region, many people admit that they are still unsure what it means.

So what exactly is fracking and why does it generate such strong feelings both for and against?

Richard Wilson has been looking at the science behind the controversial mining technique.

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Fracking: Government grants stage-one access to Teesside

The Government has granted access to land stretching east of Middlesbrough to the western edge of Redcar, covering South Bank, Grangetown and north of the River Tees for the purposes of extracting oil and gas.