Newcastle University is at the forefront of groundbreaking research aimed at treating brain tumours in children.
The £4m study will look at the different types of brain tumours that children get - and the results will be used to tailor their treatment.
It's hoped the five-year project will save lives as well as sparing children the trauma of unnecessary treatments.
Prof Steve Clifford from the Northern Institute for Cancer Research said its success will depend partly on attracting the best scientists in the UK.
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The operation took around three hours to complete, with the remains being disposed of by a specialist animal by-product company.