Twenty-one detailed focus groups with ordinary people from different kinds of household (such as families with children, pensioners and single people) had detailed discussions about the necessary elements of a household budget for each family type.
Experts looked at these budgets to ensure that they provided an adequate diet and met basic needs like keeping a home warm. On this basis the weekly minimum budget:
• For a couple with two children is £454.52 (benefits provide 60% of this amount)
• For a pensioner couple is £231.48, provided entirely by Pension Credit
• For a lone parent with one child is £275.59 (benefits provide 60% of this amount)
• For a single working-age person is £192.59 (benefits provide 40% of this amount)
Hourly wages needed for a minimum income standard: £8.38 for a single person, £9.39 for a couple with two children and £12.20 for a lone parent with one child.