Russian President Vladimir Putin said that Syria's crisis must be resolved through negotiations, not force of arms.
He also warned that if Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's government is toppled a civil war could continue with roles reversed.
It follows talks with Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti who encouraged Russia to work with the West to end the violence in Syria and seek new ways to resolve the crisis.
Syria acknowledged that it had chemical and biological weapons and said it could use them if foreign countries intervened.
First the capital, now the borders. Syria’s rebels are striking at essentials of state control.
The Chinese press is lambasting the West for its "unbalanced" policy towards Syria, but will its own policy pay off?