Earlier today, before the violence at the Lonmin mine erupted, South African Police Service Provincial Police Commissioner Zukiswa Mbombo said, "our intention is to make sure that people leave that illegal gathering area where they are and that is what we will do today.
"And I said to you we wish we will do that still amicable, meaning we will ask them to leave. But then I don't want to explain to you 'if they don't, what then?'. What I told you is today we are ending this matter."
The standoff between striking miners and South African authorities hardened as workers rejected a new deal and 'gatherings' were banned.
The expelled ANC firebrand politician Julius Malema tells ITV News black South Africans are worse off now than they were during apartheid.
Fifty of the South African miners who were charged with the murder of their colleagues have celebrated their freedom outside a courthouse.