The Archbishop of Canterbury must fulfil a number of roles including that of bishop of the Canterbury diocese and head of the Church of England as well as acting as a "focus of unity" for the worldwide Anglican Communion.
In recent years, the Anglican Communion has been split by the divide between traditionalists and liberals over homosexuality.
The appointment comes as the CoE General Synod stands poised to give final approval in November to the introduction of women bishops after years of negotiations.
Dr Williams has described the post of Archbishop of Canterbury as one of "immense demands" and has said his successor will need the "constitution of an ox and the skin of a rhinoceros".
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Stamp duty is to be abolished for first-time buyers on properties up to £300,000, Chancellor Philip Hammond has announced in his Budget.
Chancellor Philip Hammond has delivered his Budget which he believes will help build "a Britain fit for the future".
Stamp duty for all first-time buyer purchases up to £300,000 is to be abolished immediately, Philip Hammond has announced in his Budget.