Thousands of people marched on Spain's parliament to protest against a new round of cuts and tax rises.
The government is to slash government spending by almost 9% next year in a bid to shave 40 billion euros off its budget and avoid asking its eurozone partners for a bailout.
Demonstrations have so far been peaceful, unlike recent nights, but Spain faces a crisis that is as much political and constitutional as it is economic.
ITV News' Europe Editor James Mates reports from Madrid:
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