Thousands of protesters have gathered in the streets of Turkey to demonstrate against a parliamentary memorandum allowing military operations against Syria if the government deems it necessary.
Demonstrators chanted slogans such as "Don't remain silent! Shout! All people are brothers and sisters!" and held banners emblazoned with "Hands off Syria!" and "Get out of the Middle East".
Earlier in the Turkish capital Ankara, police in riot gear fired tear gas at protesters as they charged toward them trying to march towards parliament.
The protests came as Turkish soldiers moved to stand guard near crossings on the Syria-Turkey border following yesterday's shelling of Akcakale, which killed five civilians.
Turkey's Deputy Prime Minister Besir Atalay said the bill authorising strikes against Syria was "not a declaration of war" but merely a "deterrent".
More top news
Russia will pay the price for launching air strikes to prop up the Assad regime, the US defence secretary has warned.
'Vote Leave' - a cross-party campaign calling for Britain to leave the European Union in the forthcoming referendum - has been launched.
Sir Bruce Forsyth had to be rushed to hospital after a fall at his home.