The Liverpool Care Pathway (LCP) is a best practice guide designed to help health professionals across the NHS give patients better care in their last few hours or days.
Its name comes from the Liverpool-based NHS Trust that developed the pathway in 1997.
The pathway can be used irrespective of the diagnosis and can be used in a hospital, home, hospice or care home - but only when all relevant medical staff agree that the patient is dying.
- Medication may be reviewed
- Relatives of the patient should be consulted about maintaining the patient's comfort
- Intake of food and fluids may be reviewed in the best interests of the patient
- Any spiritual or religious needs of the patient should be determined and catered for