- Garden cities were conceived by Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928).
- His plan was for limited-size cities built on municipally owned low-cost agricultural land.
- Each city would offer the benefits of urban living without the crowding and squalor of the Victorian city.
- The centre of each city would be a garden, ringed by civil and cultural amenities, city hall, museum, library, and theatre.
- Howard envisaged clusters of garden cities, linked by railways, and powered by new low-pollution electricity.
- Prototype garden cities were built at Letchworth from 1903 and Welwyn from 1919, greatly influencing the new towns built after the Second World War.
Sources: Oxford Dictionary of Geography and Oxford Dictionary of British History.
More top news
Here's everything we know so far about the latest terrorist incident in France.
A minimum number of black players will have to be selected in all national teams, with the target calculated on an annual basis.
Western areas will see the rain first but by the end of the day it will also have spread eastwards.