- Garden cities were conceived by Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928).
- His plan was for limited-size cities built on municipally owned low-cost agricultural land.
- Each city would offer the benefits of urban living without the crowding and squalor of the Victorian city.
- The centre of each city would be a garden, ringed by civil and cultural amenities, city hall, museum, library, and theatre.
- Howard envisaged clusters of garden cities, linked by railways, and powered by new low-pollution electricity.
- Prototype garden cities were built at Letchworth from 1903 and Welwyn from 1919, greatly influencing the new towns built after the Second World War.
Sources: Oxford Dictionary of Geography and Oxford Dictionary of British History.
More top news
Myleene Klass is set to shock Countdown fans by giving a naughty eight-letter word as her answer on tonight's show.
David Cameron will today pledge an extra 50,000 apprenticeships using £200m in bank fines from Labour's "failed past".
Women who drink organic milk during pregnancy may be putting the brain development of their unborn babies at risk, experts claim.